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Experimental Probes of the Optical Properties of Photonic Crystals

  • Willem L. Vos
  • Henry M. van Driel
  • Mischa Megens
  • A. Femius Koenderink
  • Arnout Imhof
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASIC, volume 563)

Abstract

The propagation of electromagnetic radiation in three-dimensional periodic dielectric structures is strongly modified if the wavelength of the radiation is on the order of the lattice spacing.1–5 Such structures are called photonic crystals. Their periodicity gives rise to photonic band structures in a way that is analogous to electronic band structures.6 Much of the recent interest in photonic crystals stems from the possibility of making lattices for which there exists a range of frequencies in which waves cannot propagate in any direction in the crystal.1–4 Such a photonic band gap occurs if the coupling between light and lattice is sufficiently strong. The coupling is conveniently gauged by the polarizability per volume of the scatters.7 If a lattice could be constructed with a photonic band gap at optical frequencies, this would result in spectacular effects such as the inhibition of spontaneous emission,3 and localization of light.4

Keywords

Photonic Crystal Spontaneous Emission Bragg Reflection Colloidal Crystal Bragg Diffraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Willem L. Vos
    • 1
  • Henry M. van Driel
    • 1
  • Mischa Megens
    • 1
  • A. Femius Koenderink
    • 1
  • Arnout Imhof
    • 1
  1. 1.van der Waals-Zeeman InstituutUniversiteit van AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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