Advertisement

Environmental Fate and Properties of 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl)urea (Diflubenzuron, DIMILIN®)

  • Gary M. Booth
  • Daniel C. Alder
  • Milton L. Lee
  • Melvin W. Carter
  • Robert C. Whitmore
  • Robert E. Seegmiller
Part of the Series Entomologica book series (SENT, volume 38)

Abstract

Diflubenzuron (DFB) is an insect growth regulating chemical that interferes with cuticle deposition (Mulder and Gijswijt, 1973) by inhibiting the synthesis of cuticular chitin (Deul, DeJong, and Kortenbach, 1978). It is the active ingredient of DIMILIN® which is used to control such insects as mosquitoes, gypsy moths, cotton and soybean pests, and VIGILANTE® has potential use in fly control (Wright, 1978). A variety of alternative names for this chemical have been used in the literature. These include: IUPAC, 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl) urea; CA index, N-[[(4-chlorophenyl)amino]carbonyl]-2,6-difluorobenzamide; Wiswesser line-formula notation, GR DMVMVR BF FF; code names PH 60-40 (generally used outside the United States), TH-6040 (United States), DU 112307 (Philips-Duphar, former research code), ENT-29054 (USDA), and OMS-1804 (WHO).

Keywords

Activate Sludge Mycelial Growth High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Trichoderma Viride Rhizopus Arrhizus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bitter, T. and H. M. Muir. 1962. A modified uronic acid carbazole reaction. Analytical Biochem. 4: 330 – 334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Booth, Gary. 1976. DIMILIN® and the environment. In: Gordon L. Berg (ed.), DIMILIN ® Chitin Inhibitor: Breakthrough in Pest Control. Agri-Fieldman and Consultant, Willoughby, OhioGoogle Scholar
  3. Booth, Cary M. 1977. An evaluation of DIMILIN® and diflubenzuron toxicity to avian species, pp. 28. Report submitted to Thompson-Hayward Chemical Co., Kansas City, KSGoogle Scholar
  4. Booth, Gary M. and Duane Ferrell. 1977. Degradation of DIMILIN® by aquatic foodwebs, pp. 221–243. In: M. A. Q. Khan (ed.), Pesticides in Aquatic Environments. Plenum Press, Publisher, New York, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Bryce, G. R. 1980. Data analysis in RUMMAGE — A user’s guide. Department of Statistics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UtahGoogle Scholar
  6. Christman, Van. 1985. Personal communicationGoogle Scholar
  7. Deul, D. H., B. J. De Jong and J. A. M. Kortenbach. 1972. Inhibition of chitin synthesis by two 1-(2,6-disubstituted benzoyl)-3-phenyl urea insecticides. II. Pest. Biochem. Physiol. 8: 98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Heller, S. R., and G. W. A. Milne. “EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Data Base” Volume 1, NSRDS-NBS 63, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., 1978, p. 234Google Scholar
  9. Longcore, Sampson and Whittendale. 1971. DDE thins eggshells and lowers reproductive success of captive black ducks. Bull. Environ. Contam. Tox. 6: 485 – 490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Maas, W., R. van Hes, A. C. Grosscurt, and D. H. Deul. 1980. Benzopylphenyl Urea Insecticides, pp. 1–3. In:Wegler’s Chemistry of Crop Protection Products. 6: 1 – 43Google Scholar
  11. Metcalf, R. L., P. Y. Lu, and S. Bowlus. 1975. Degradation and environmental fate of 1-(2,6-difluorobenzoyl)-3-(4-chlorophenyl) urea. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 23: 359PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mulder, R. and M. J. Gijswijt. 1973. The laboratory evaluation of two promising new insecticides which interfere with cuticle deposition. Pest. Sci. 4: 737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rabenort, B., P. C. DeWilde, F. G. DeBoer, P. K. Korver, S. J. DiPrima and R. D. Cannizzaro. 1978. Diflubenzuron. pp. 57-72. In: Gunter Zweig and Joseph Sherma (eds.), Pesticides and Plant Growth Regulations, Academic Press, Inc., New York, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Solursh, M. 1976. Glycosaminoglycan synthesis in the chick gastrula. Devel. Biol. 50: 525 – 530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Verloop, A. and C. D. Ferrell. 1976. Benzoylphenyl ureas — A new group of larvicides interfering with chitin deposition. ACS Symp. Ser. 37: 237 – 270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Verloop, A., W. B. Nimmo, and P. C. De Wilde. 1975. (Abstract). 8th Int. Plant Prot. Congress, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  17. Yagamata, T., S. H. Hidehiko, O. Habuchi, and S. Sazuki. 1968. Purification and properties of bacterial chondroitinases and chondrosulfatases. J. Biol. Chem. 243: 1523 – 1535.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary M. Booth
  • Daniel C. Alder
  • Milton L. Lee
  • Melvin W. Carter
  • Robert C. Whitmore
  • Robert E. Seegmiller

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations