The Wild Relative of PhaseolusVulgaris in Middle America

  • A. Delgado Salinas
  • A. Bonet
  • P. Gepts


The wild relatives of crop plants constitute the raw material from which present day cultivars have been derived. A better knowledge of these wild relatives should provide us with a better understanding of the characteristics, potentials, and limitations of cultivars. This improved knowledge should extend to several areas, among which morphology, phenology, pests and diseases, symbiotic N2 fixation, distribution and ecology, and genetics. The wild relative of the common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L., is distributed both in Middle America (Mexico and Central America) and in the Andes of South America. A Middle American wild common bean population was first identified by McBryde (1947) in Guatemala. Since then, additional descriptions of wild common beans in Middle America have been provided by Miranda Colín (1967, 1979) and Gentry (1969). In this chapter, we will review the information available on wild P. vulgaris in Middle America, including recent results on its interactions with seed bruchids. We will also identify potential research areas in the hope of stimulating additional research on these wild bean populations. A description of wild Phaseolus vulgaris in South America is given by Brücher (this volume).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. BALDI, and F. SALAMINI. 1973. Variability of essential amino acid content in seeds of 22 Phaseolus species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 43:75–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. BASSIRI, A., and M.W. ADAMS. 1978. An electrophoretic survey of seedling isozymes in several Phaseolus species. Euphytica 27:447–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. BAUDET, J.C. 1977. Origine et classification des espèces cultivées du genre Phaseolus. Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 110:65–76.Google Scholar
  4. BERGLUND-BRüCHER, O., and H. BRüCHER. 1976. The South American wild bean (Phaseolus aborigineus Burk.) as ancestor of the common bean. Econ. Bot. 30:257–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. BIEMONT, J.C., and A. BONET. 1981. The bean weevil populations from the Acanthoscelides obtectus Sag group living on wild or subspontaneous Phaseolus vulgaris L. and Phaseolus coccineus L. and on P. vulgaris cultivated in the Tepoztlan region, state of Morelos, Mexico. In: V. LABEYRIE [ed.], Series Entomologica 19:23–41. Junk, The Hague, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  6. BLISS, F. A. 1980. Common bean. In: W. R. FEHR, and H. H. HADLEY [eds.]. Hybridization of crop plants. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, WI: pp. 273–284.Google Scholar
  7. BONET, A., B. LEROI, J. C. BIEMONT, G. PEREZ, and B. PICHARD. 1986. Has the Acanthoscelides obtectus group evolved in the original zone of its host-plant (Phaseolus L.)? (In press.)Google Scholar
  8. BURKART, A. 1952. Las leguminosas argentinas silvestres y cultivadas. Acme, Buenos Aires, Argentina: 520 p.Google Scholar
  9. DELGADO SALINAS, A. 1985. Systematics of the genus Phaseolus (Leguminosae) in Mexico and Central America. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Texas-Austin.Google Scholar
  10. EVANS, A. M. 1980. Structure, variation, evolution, and classification in Phaseolus. In: R. I. SUMMERFIELD and A. H. BUNTING [eds.], Advances in Legume Science. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England.Google Scholar
  11. GENTRY, H. S. 1969. Origin of the common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris. Econ. Bot. 23:55–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. GEPTS, P., and F. A. BLISS. Phaseolus variability among wild and cultivated common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) from Colombia. Econ. Bot. 40:469–478.Google Scholar
  13. GEPTS, P., T. C. OSBORN, K. RASHKA, and F. A. BLISS. 1986. Phaseolin protein variability in wild forms and landraces of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.): Evidence for multiple centers of domestication. Econ. Bot. 40:451–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. GUZMAN, M. R. 1982. El Teosinte en Jalisco: Su distribución y ecología. Thesis, Univ. of Guadalajara.Google Scholar
  15. JARRY, M., and A. BONET. 1981. Premières observations sur la contamination par Zabrotes subfasciatus Boh. (Coleoptera, Bruchidae) de gousses de Phaseolus vulgaris L. et P. lunatus L. au Mexique. Acta Oecol. Appl. 2:311–315.Google Scholar
  16. JOHNSON, C. D. 1983. Ecosystematics of Acanthoscelides (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) of southern Mexico and Central America. MPEAAL 56:1–370.Google Scholar
  17. KAPLAN, L. 1965. Archaeology and domestication in American Phaseolus (beans). Econ. Bot. 19:358–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. KAPLAN, L. 1981. What is the origin of the common bean? Econ. Bot. 35:240–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. LAING, D. R., P. G. JONES, and J. H. C. DAVIS. 1984. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). In: P. R. GOLDSWORTHY and N. M. FISHER [eds.], The Physiology of Tropical Field Crops. Wiley, New York: pp. 305–351.Google Scholar
  20. LEROI, B., and M. JARRY. 1981. Relations d’Acanthoscelides obtectus ave différentes espèces de Phaseolus: influence sur la fécondité et possibilités de développement larvaire. Ent. Exp. Appl. 30:73–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. LEROI, B., A. BONET, B. PICHARD, and J. C. BIEMONT. Relationes Acanthoscelides (Coleoptera:Bruchidae) — Phaseolus en el Norte del estado de Morelos, Mexico. In press.Google Scholar
  22. MANCIA, J. E. 1973. La biología del picudo de la vaina del frijol, Apion godmani Wagner, y su distribución en El Salvador. SIADES 2:22–219.Google Scholar
  23. MANCIA, J. E., M. R. CORTES, and O. GRACIAS. 1973. Efectividad de varios insecticidas en el combate del picudo de la vaina del frijol comun, Apion godmani Wagner 1971–1972, El Salvador. SIADES 2:2–14.Google Scholar
  24. MIRANDA COLIN, S. 1967. Origen de Phaseolus vulgaris L. (frijol comun). Agrociencia 1:99–109.Google Scholar
  25. MIRANDA, COLIN, S. 1979. Evolucion de Phaseolus vulgaris y P. coccineus. In: E. M. ENGLEMAN [ed.], Contribuciones al conocimiento del frijol (Phaseolus) en Mexico. Colegio de Postgraduados, Chapingo, Mexico: pp. 83–99.Google Scholar
  26. McKELVEY, J. J., J. GUEVARA, and A. CORTES. 1947. Apion pod weevil: a pest of beans in Mexico. J. Econ. Entomol. 40:476–479.Google Scholar
  27. McKELVEY, J. J., A. G. SMITH, J. GUEVARA, and A. CORTES. 1951. Biología y control de los picudos del género Apion que atacan al frijol en Mexico. Foll. Tec. Ofic. Est. Esp. Sec. Agr. Mexico 8:1–42.Google Scholar
  28. McBRYDE, F. W. 1947. Cultural and historical geography of southwest Guatemala. Smithsonian Institution, Inst. Soc. Anthrop. Publ. No. 4: pp. 25, 75–76, 134–135.Google Scholar
  29. NAKAMURA, R. R. 1986. Maternal investment and fruit abortion in Phaseolus vulgaris. Amer. J. Bot. 73:1049–1057.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. OBRIEN, C. W., and G. J. WIBMER. 1982. Annoted checklist of the weevils (Curculionidae sensu lato) of North America, Central America, and the West Indies (Coleoptera:Curculionidae). Memoirs Amer. Anthrop. Inst. 34:1–382.Google Scholar
  31. OSBORN, T. C., T. BLAKE, P. GEPTS, and T. A. BLISS. 1986. Bean arcelin. 2. Genetic variation, inheritance, and linkage relationship of a novel seed protein of Phaseolus vulgaris L. Theor. Appl. Genet. 71:847–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. PEREZ, G. 1985. Himenopteros parasitoides de Apion sp. (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea:Apionidae) en Tepoztlán, Morelos. Folia Entomol. Mex. 63:39–46.Google Scholar
  33. PEREZ, G., and A. BONET. 1984. Himenopteros parasitoides de Acanthoscelides obtectus Say (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) en Tepoztlan, Morelos. Folia Entomol. Mex. 59:71–78.Google Scholar
  34. ROMERO-ANDREAS, J., B. S. YANDELL, and F. A. BLISS. 1986. Bean arcelin. 1. Inheritance of a novel seed protein of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and its effect on seed composition. Theor. Appl. Genet. 72:123–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. VANDERBORGHT, T. 1982. Seed increase and evaluation of the wild Phaseolus vulgaris germplasm. CIAT, Cali, Colombia, mimeographed: 69 p.Google Scholar
  36. VANDERBORGHT, T. 1983. Evaluation of Phaseolus vulgaris wild types and weedy forms. Plant Genet. Res. Newsletter 54:18–24.Google Scholar
  37. VAN SCHOONHOVEN, A., and C. CARDONA. 1982. Low levels of resistance to the Mexican bean weevil in dry beans. J. Econ. Entomol. 75:567–569.Google Scholar
  38. VAN SCHOONHOVEN, A., C. CARDONA, and J. VALOR. 1983. Resistance to the bean weevil and the Mexican bean weevil (Coleoptera:Bruchidae) in noncultivated common bean accessions. J. Econ. Entomol. 76:1255–1259.Google Scholar
  39. WALL, J. R., and S. W. WALL. 1975. Isozyme polymorphisms in the study of evolution in the Phaseolus vulgarisP. coccineus complex in Mexico. In: C. L. MARKERT [ed.], Isozymes, Vol. I, Genetics and Evolution. Academic Press, New York: pp. 287–305.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Delgado Salinas
  • A. Bonet
  • P. Gepts

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations