Mitral Regurgitation

  • G. M. Woerlee
Part of the Developments in Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology book series (DCCA, volume 18)

Abstract

Mitral regurgitation is a valvular disease characterized by a heart where the systemic cardiac output is determined by the relative resistances presented by pulmonary and systemic circulations during ventricular systole. Because of regurgitation through the mitral valve, the left atrial and pulmonary vascular pressures are increased above normal. This causes pulmonary congestion or oedema in more severe degrees of mitral regurgitation.

Keywords

Mitral Regurgitation Left Atrial Pulmonary Congestion Mitral Valve Disease Mitral Valve Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Rapaport,E.(1975). Natural history of aortic and mitral valve disease. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 35, 221–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yoran,C., et al.(1983). Effects of heart rate on experimentally produced mitral regurgitation in dogs. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 52, 1345–1349.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sasayama,S., et al.(1979). Dynamic geometry of the left atrium and left ventricle in acute mitral regurgitation. CIRCULATION, 60, 177–186.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bolen,J.L., Alderman,E.L.(1977). Ventriculographic and hemodynamic features of mitral regurgitation of cardiomyopathic, rheumatic and nonrheumatic etiology. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 39, 177–183.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Borgenhagen,D.M., et al.(1977). The effects of left ventricular load and contractility on mitral regurgitant orifice size and flow in the dog. CIRCULATION, 56, 106–113.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stone,J.G., et al.(1980). Afterload reduction and preload augmentation improve the anaesthetic management of patients with cardiac failure and valvular regurgitation. ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 59, 737–742.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Goodman,D.J., et al.(1974). Effect of nitroprusside on left ventricular dynamics in mitral regurgitation. CIRCULATION, 50, 1025–1032.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lappas,D.G., et al.(1978). Systemic and pulmonary effects of nitroprusside during mitral valve replacement in patients with mitral regurgitation. CIRCULATION, 58, Supp. I, 18–22.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bay,J., et al.,(1968), Factors influencing arterial PO2 recovery from anaesthesia. BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA, 40, 398–407.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Woerlee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnaesthesiaUniversity Hospital of LeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations