Linguistic Parameters in the Diagnosis of Dyslexia in Japanese and Chinese
It has generally been assumed that Japanese kanji and Chinese characters are read via a “semantic processing route” whereas kana, a syllabic script, is processed via a “phonological processing route” (Hayashi, Ulatowska & Sasanuma, 1985). This is only partly true. It is true to the extent that only that which is susceptible of breakdown will break down. In order for something to go wrong in any system, that something must exist in the system. The various dyslexic symptoms reported so far in the literature are the result of the malfunctioning of a component of the reading processing system. If such a component did not exist, it could obviously not break down. Only to the extent that there exist certain components, and that they are made use of, can their impairment result in the observed deficits in reading performance.
KeywordsChinese Character Semantic Radical Concrete Noun Semantically Transparent Compound Character
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