Ion Implantation of Electro-Optical Ceramics

  • Ch. Buchal
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 170)

Abstract

Single-crystalline oxide ceramics are very useful for electro-optical applications. Good crystals are transparent for a wide range of wavelengths, display useful non-linear properties and show a noticeable Pickels effect, i.e. the refractive index changes if an electrical field is applied to the crystal. This effect is exploited for the fabrication of modulators, switches, etc.

Keywords

Lithium Niobate Refractive Index Change Lithium Atom Optical Index Strip Waveguide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Galasso FS: Structure, Properties and Preparation of Perovskite-Type Compounds. Oxford: Pergamon, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pauling L: The Nature of the Chemical Bond. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1969.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Giinter P (ed): Electrooptic and Photorefractive Materials. Berlin: Springer Proc. in Phys. 18, 1987.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bergman JG, GR Crane: J. Sol. State Chem. 12 (1975) 172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rauber A: Current Topics in Materials Science. K Keldis (ed). Amsterdam: North Holland, 1978, vol. 1, p. 481.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weis RS, Gaylor TK: Appl. Phys. A37 (1985) 191.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Abrahams SC et al: J. Chem. Phys. Sol. 27 (1966) 1019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Abrahams SC et al: J. Chem. Phys. Sol. 34 (1973) 521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hunsperger RB: Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology. Berlin/New York: Springer, 1985.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mentzer MA (ed): Integrated Optical Circuit Engineering V. Proc. SPIE. Bellingham, WA, 1988, p. 835.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Canali C, A Carnera, G Celotti, G Delia Mea, P Mazzoldi: Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 24 (1983) 459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mazzoldi P, A Carnera: Cryst. Latt. Def. Amorph. Mat. 14 (1987) 319.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Skeath P, W Elam, W Burns, F Stevie, T Briggs: Phys. Rev. Lett. 59 (1987) 1950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Buchal Ch, S Mantl, DK Thomas: Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 100 (1988) 317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Townsend PD: Optical Effects of Ion Implantation. Rep. Prog. Phys. 50 (1987) 501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Destefanis GL et al: J. Appl. Phys. 50 (1979) 7898.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bremer T et al: Ferroelectr. Lett. 9 (1988) 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Buchal Ch, PR Ashley, BR Appleton: J. Mat. Res. 2 (1987) 222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Buchal Ch, PR Ashley, DK Thomas, BR Appleton: Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 88 (1987) 93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ashley PR and Ch Buchal: Integrated Optical Circuit Engineering V. Proc. SPIE. Bellingham, WA, 1988, p. 113.Google Scholar
  21. Ashley PR, W Chang, Ch Buchal, DK Thomas: to be published.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Poker DB: Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 93 (1987) 293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Poker DB, DK Thomas: Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 100 (1988) 311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ch. Buchal
    • 1
  1. 1.KFA-ISIJülichGermany

Personalised recommendations