Thermodynamic Analysis of Separation Process Alternatives

  • D. E. Essien
  • D. L. Pyle

Abstract

Analysis of minimum work requirements, based on the concept of “exergy”, provides a formal and convenient thermodynamic basis for comparing process schemes. The underlying principles of the analysis are summarised. The method is applied to a comparison of four schemes for the recovery of fuel-grade ethanol from fermentation broths. The schemes analysed are conventional distillation, freeze crystallisation, solvent extraction and reduced pressure fermentation coupled with distillation. The latter scheme is shown to be superior for the conditions investigated. The methodology is applicable to a wide range of bioseparations.

Keywords

Heat Pump Distillation Column Vapour Liquid Equilibrium Minimum Work Conventional Distillation 
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References

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    Fredenslund, A., Mehling, J. and Rasmussen, P. Vapour Liquid Equilibria using UNIFAC. (1977), Elsevier Scientific Publns., Amsterdam.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© SCI 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Essien
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. L. Pyle
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept of Chemical EngineeringImperial CollegeLondonUK
  2. 2.BP Research CentreSunbury on ThamesUK
  3. 3.Biotechnology Group, Dept. of Food Science & TechnologyUniversity of ReadingReadingUK

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