Crystal Growth of Sodium Iron Titanium Bronze Compounds under Hydrothermal Conditions

  • Shin-ichi Hirano
  • M. G. M. U. Ismail
  • Shigeyuki Sōmiya

Abstract

Single crystals of four types of oxides consisting of sodium iron and titanium were grown hydrothermally under reduced conditions starting with a mixture of TiO2 (rutile) and metallic Fe powder in the ratio 5:1 (weight basis) at 650°C and 1000kg/cm2 in 10m NaOH solution for different durations. Formation of single crystals having an orthorhombic cell was observed after one week. In longer runs under the same conditions the initial phase undergoes transformation to form crystals having hexagonal and orthorhombic cells and finally to monoclinic freaudenbergite (Na2O·Fe2O3·7TiO2). From Mössbauer and EPMA data, the common chemical formula for these new phases can be written as (NaxFe y 2+ ) · [TipFe q 2+ Fe r 3+ O2-δ)]n.

Keywords

Isomer Shift Quadrupole Splitting Hydrothermal Condition Mossbauer Spectrum Hydrothermal Growth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    S. Anderson and A. D. Wadsley, Acta Cryst. 15, 201 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    W. G. Mumme and A. F. Reid, Acta Cryst. B 24, 625 (1968).Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shin-ichi Hirano
    • 1
  • M. G. M. U. Ismail
    • 1
  • Shigeyuki Sōmiya
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Laboratory of Engineering Materials and Department of Materials Science and TechnologyTokyo Institute of TechnologyOokayama, Meguro-ku, TokyoJapan

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