Collision of Plasma Flows in a Current Loop

  • J. Zhao
  • J. I. Sakai
  • K. I. Nishikawa

Abstract

Chromospheric evaporation is one of the important mechanisms for energy transports at the rise phase of solar flares. With its high resolution, the Yohkoh SXT has ability to detect moving evaporation fronts, provided that the instrument takes images since the very beginning of a flare. This anticipation has been proven for the first time by Hudson et al. (1993), who show that the Yohkoh SXT can observe the upward-moving fronts along loop legs as it happens. In his study of the Yohkoh HXT, Sakao (1994) found that double sources are a common feature in the footpoints of a single loop. Since the HXT emissions from the footpoints vary simultaneously, it implies that accelerated electrons stream down along the loop towards both ends. By the subsequent evaporation of the lower solar atmosphere from the ends is possible to be created. The existence of such chromospheric evaporation has been modeled as one of the four phases of a flare on the basis of synthesized SXT images (Reale and Peres 1995).

Keywords

Drift Velocity Solar Flare Current Loop Upward Flow Ambient Magnetic Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Acton, L.W., et al. (1992), PASJ, 44, L71.ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Buneman, O. (1994) in Computer Space Plasma Physics, Simulation Techniques and Softwares, ed. H. Matsumoto & Y. Omura (Terra Scientific, Tokyo), p67Google Scholar
  3. Doschek, G.A., Strong, K.T., and Tsuneta, S. (1995) ApJ., 440, 370.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hudson, H.S., Strong, K.T., Dennis, B.R., Zarro, D., Inda, M., Kosugi, T., and Sakao, T. (1993) ApJ . Letter, 422, L25ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Reale, F. and Peres, G. (1995) A. & A., 299, 225ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Sakao, T. (1994) Ph.D dissertation, University of Tokyo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Zhao
    • 1
  • J. I. Sakai
    • 1
  • K. I. Nishikawa
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringToyama UnivToyamaJapan
  2. 2.Space Physics DepartmentRice UnivHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations