Chapter

Radioecology and the Restoration of Radioactive-Contaminated Sites

Volume 13 of the series NATO ASI Series pp 155-162

Mushrooms, Lichens and Mosses as Biological Indicators of Radioactive Environmental Contamination

  • M. G. NifontovaAffiliated withBiophysical station of the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology Urals Division, Russian Academy of Sciences

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Abstract

At the time that the author started her investigations, it was already known that mushrooms, lichens and mosses are characterized by a number of properties which indicate them as potential biological indicators of radio contaminants. These characteristics are wide distribution in nature, prolonged life time, eurytopness and a certain degree of tolerance. The specificity of the anatomical and morphological structure as well as the peculiarities of the physiology of these organisms favour their active accumulating function.