Association Between Electron Donor Molecules and HCl in Argon Matrices

  • William O. George
  • D. Alun Williams
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 483)

Abstract

A series of proton acceptor molecules has been studied in order to determine their mode of interaction with hydrogen chloride as a proton donor molecule as indicated by spectral changes measured using low temperature isolation in an argon matrix.

Interactions were studied with compounds of the type:
$$\begin{gathered} CH_2 = CH - (CH_2 )_n - X\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,n = 0,1\,and\,2 \hfill \\ CH_3 - CH_2 - X\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,X = CH_3 ,Cl,Br\,and\,C \equiv N \hfill \\ Cl - (CH_2 )_n - C \equiv N \hfill \\ \end{gathered} $$
Weak Van der Waals interactions were measured for CH3-CH2-CH3. Moderate strength hydrogen bonded complexes associated with σ and π electrons were measured in other cases. Correlations for bifunctional molecules suggested that π-bonded forms were preferred to σ-bonded forms. In corresponding mixtures of monofunctional compounds σ and π complexes were simultaneously formed.

Keywords

Proton Acceptor Nitrile Group Hydrogen Chloride Allyl Chloride Ethyl Cyanide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • William O. George
    • 1
  • D. Alun Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Applied SciencesUniversity of GlamorganPontypridd, Mid GlamUK

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