Elicitation of Rules for Graphic Design Evaluation

  • George Glaze
  • Jeff Johnson
  • Nigel Cross

Abstract

This paper reports a set of experiments in which graphic design rules were elicited from two graphic design experts. In these experiments no attempt is made to judge a design to be ‘good’, but the rules are sufficient to diagnose a design as ‘bad’. The experiments show that graphic design rules can be elicited from expert graphic designers in a sufficiently explicit way for them to become operational in a computerised expert system. The experiments show that the graphic design experts do not apply their rules consistently, but when the rules are made explicit they agree entirely with the diagnosis of the rule based system. These experiments therefore support the thesis that there are rules governing the aesthetics of graphic design, as perceived by practising graphic designers, which can be implemented on computers. These rules may not guarantee ‘good’ design but may assist the novice to produce designs which are ‘not bad’.

Keywords

Rule Base System Graphic Design Horizontal Edge Aesthetic Judgement Graphic Layout 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Moore, C. J. and Miles, J. C.: 1991, Knowledge elicitation using more than one expert to coverthe same domain, Artificial Intelligence Review, 5, 255–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Pye, D.: 1978, The Nature andAesthetics of Design, The Herbert Press Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  3. Siegel, S.: 1956, Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, McGraw-Hill Book Company, London.MATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Tunnicliffe, A. J. and Scrivener, S. A. R.: 1991, Knowledge elicitation in design, Design Studies, 12(2), 73–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Glaze
    • 1
  • Jeff Johnson
    • 2
  • Nigel Cross
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Visual CommunicationsWest Hertfordshire CollegeWatfordUK
  2. 2.Design Discipline Faculty of TechnologyThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK

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