Major Types of Hydrological Systems in the Netherlands

  • G. B. Engelen
  • F. H. Kloosterman
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 20)

Abstract

The Netherlands are tectonically positioned at the southern end of the North Sea Basin (see figure 7.1). This Basin dates from Cenozoic times. Near the area of the Netherlands it becomes narrow and grades into the NW-SE trending Ruhr Graben structures which in turn are connected to the Rhine Graben. South of the Netherlands the stable Brabant Massif forms a border of the North Sea Basin. Graben and horst structures, some of which are still tectonically active, are frequently found in the subsoil. During the Quaternary the fault systems have been very active. Thicknesses of the Quaternary series are therefore characterised by strong differences especially in the southern parts.

Keywords

Tidal Flat Coastal Dune Hydrological System Peat Deposit Groundwater Flow System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Ziegler, A., 1982. Geological Atlas of Western and Central Europe. Shell Internationale Petroleum Maat-schappij B.V., The Hague, the Netherlands.Google Scholar
  2. Engelen, G.B., J.MJ. Gieske & S.O. Los, 1989. Grond-waterstromingsstelsels in Nederland (Groundwater flow systems in the Netherlands), Achtergrondreeks Natuurbeleidsplan nr.2. Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuurbeheer en Visserij, Staatsbosbeheer, SDU Uit-geverij, ‘s-GravenhageGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. B. Engelen
    • 1
  • F. H. Kloosterman
    • 1
  1. 1.TNO Institute of Applied GeoscienceDelftThe Netherlands

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