Types of Hydrological Systems in the Major Geological/Physiographic Terranes in Poland
In Poland a fairly complete sequence of Late Precambrian to Cenozoic sediments has been deposited on two fringing cratons. In the Northeast the sediments are underlain by the ancient stable East European Platform and in the Southwest by the Variscan Central European Platform. In the south, bordering the Czech republic, the Carpathian Mountain range is found forming the frontier of the Alpine Orogeny in this region. Post-Cambrian tectonic movements in Poland were largely confined to a narrow rifting zone along the bordering margins of the East and Central European crustal Platforms which gave rise to the long NE-SW trending Mid-Polish Trough. From Permian until Late Cretaceous times the trough became filled with a thick pile of sediments. Afterwards in early Tertiary times inversion took place and folding of the 10 km thick sedimentary fill occurred forming the Mid-Polish Anticlinorium.
KeywordsHydrological System Groundwater Flow System Alpine Orogeny Holy Cross Mountain Late Cretaceous Time
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