Carboxysomes: The Genes of Thiobacillus Neapolitanus
Polyhedral inclusion bodies have been observed in all of the cyanobacteria thus far examined and in many, but not all, chemoautotrophic bacteria (Codd 1988, Shively 1974, Shively et al. 1988, Shively,English 1991). The bodies were first isolated from Thiobacillus neapolitanus and shown to consist of a monolayer shell surrounding multiple molecules of the enzyme ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, RuBisCO (Shively et al. 1973a,b). The inclusions were subsequently named carboxysomes. Presumably, all of the polyhedral inclusion bodies of similar appearance are carboxysomes. To date, evidence has been gathered which identifies the bodies of Nitrosomonas sp., several Nitrobacter sp., Anabaena cylindrica, Chlorogleopsis fritschii, Anacystis nidulans, Synechococcus sp., Synechocystis sp., Prochloron, and Prochlorothrix as carboxysomes (Shively,English 1991).
KeywordsRibosome Binding Site Synechococcus PCC7942 Chemoautotrophic Bacterium Anabaena Cylindrica Major Peptide
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