Advertisement

Women in English Fisheries: Roles, Contributions, Barriers and Prospects

  • Minghua ZhaoEmail author
  • Marilyn Tyzack
  • Rodney Anderson
  • Estera Onoakpovike
Chapter
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 9)

Abstract

Worldwide, women play a wide range of roles in fisheries, making significant contributions to the industry across sectors from a variety of positions. However, the existing knowledge about women in today’s English fisheries is inadequate, fragmented and widely scattered in a vast body of discourse. This chapter attempts to help close this gap in knowledge with research findings from a recently-completed study of women in fisheries in England. The primary data was collected in selected coastal areas in England in 2010, with over 80 face-to-face and telephone interviews with women and men in several sectors of the industry being conducted. Geographically, the fieldwork covered 14 fishing ports in Southern and Northern England. This chapter analyses the major roles played by women and their contributions in four selected areas of the industry: capture fishing; families and communities; trading and processing; and management/administration. It also identifies the main issues and barriers that prevent women from full participation in fisheries and from a more effective involvement in policy making in the country. In conclusion, the chapter highlights the importance for women to organise themselves, with the prospect of enhancing women’s participation in various aspects of fisheries, including decision making.

Keywords

Gender issues in fisheries Women and social cohesion Women’s contribution to fishing communities in Europe Social change in EU fisheries Women and networking in fisheries 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their most sincere thanks to the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs in the UK and the European Commission for their financial support to this study, to Professor Chris Bellamy for helping with the map, and most importantly to many women and men whose participation in this research was most vital for our successful completion of the project.

References

  1. Butcher, D. (1982). Living from the sea: Memories of shore-side life in the days when fishermen’s nets were often full, but their pockets usually empty. Sulhampstead: Tops’l Books.Google Scholar
  2. Butcher, D. (1979). The driftermen: Life in the tough days of Britain’s vanished herring fleets, recalled by the men who manned them. Reading: Tops’l Books.Google Scholar
  3. Chapman, M. D. (1987). Women fishing in Oceania. Human Ecology, 15, 267–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Claros, L, & Zahidi, S. (2005), ‘Women’s empowerment: measuring the global gender gap’, World Economic Forum, 2005. https://members.weforum.org/pdf/Global_Competitiveness_Reports/Reports/gender_gap.pdf (p. 1). Accessed 7 Mar 2012.
  5. Cornwall Council. (2011). Facts and figures. http://www.cornwall.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=18151. Accessed 22 Nov 2011.
  6. Countryside Agency. (2003). Capturing richness. Countryside Agency Research Reports and Research Notes. http://publications.naturalengland.org.uk/publication/292346?category=60007. Accessed 22 Nov 2011.
  7. Davies, S. (2010). A whirling vortex of women: The strikes of scots herring women in East Anglia in the 1930s and 1940s’, Labour History Review, 75(2), 181–207 (Maney Publishing).Google Scholar
  8. EC. (2010). Employment in the fisheries sector: Current situation, 2006. The European Commission. (Salz, P., Buisman, E., Smit, J., de Vos, B).Google Scholar
  9. European Commission. (2003). Women in fisheries: An Unnoticed Role. Fishing in Europe, (17), 1–17.Google Scholar
  10. Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). (2009). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2008. http://www.greenfacts.org/en/fisheries/index.htm. Accessed 6 Feb 2010.
  11. Frangoudes, K. (2008). The role of women in the sustainable development of European fisheries. European Parliament, Directorate-General for Internal Policies—Fisheries, pp. 1–62.Google Scholar
  12. Frangoudes, K. (2011). Women can bring a lot to fisheries management if they are allowed to take their rightful place. FARNET Magazine, no.4, Spring-Summer, pp. 15–16.Google Scholar
  13. Frangoudes, K., & O’Doherty, J. (2004). Legal recognition of women’s contribution in fisheries and aquaculture in the European Union. Paper presented to World Fish Centre, Gender Workshop, the 7th Asian Fisheries Forum, Penang, 30 November–4 December.Google Scholar
  14. Hall, V. G. (2004). Differing gender roles: women in mining and fishing communities in Northumberland, England, 1880–1914. Women’s Studies International Forum, 27(5–6), 521–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hoare, J, & Gell, F. (2009). Women’s leadership and participation: Case studies of learning for action (Ed., p. 34), UK: Oxfam GB.Google Scholar
  16. ICSF. (2012). Women in fisheries. http://wif.icsf.net/en/bibliography.html?themes=28&start=70. Accessed 15 Dec 2012.
  17. Lummis, T. (1985). Occupation and society: The East Anglian fishermen 1880–1914. Cambridge: University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Marine Management organisation (MMO). (2011). The UK Fishing Industry in 2011: Structure and Activity—Tables. http://www.marinemanagement.org.uk/fisheries/statistics/annual_structure2011.htm. Accessed 26 July 2012.
  19. MacAlister, E. (2002), ‘The Role of Women in the Fisheries Sector’, Brussels: EC/DC Fisheries Final Report 1443/R.03/C.Makoloweka, S. and K. Shurcliff Ltd.Google Scholar
  20. Mathews, E. (1993). Women and Fishing in Traditional Pacific island Cultures’, Workshop on People, Society and Pacific Island Fisheries Development and Management: Selected Papers, August, Noumea, pp. 29–33.Google Scholar
  21. Munk-Madsen, E. (1998). The Norwegian fishing quota system: Another patriarchal construction? Society and Natural Resources, 11(3), 229–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nadel-Klein, J. (2000). Granny baited the lines: Perpetual crisis and the changing role of women in scottish fishing communities. Women’s Studies International Forum, 23(3), 363–372.Google Scholar
  23. Nadel-Klein, J., & Davis, D. L. (1998). To work and to weep: Women in fishing economies. Institute of Social and Economic Research, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.Google Scholar
  24. NFFO (The National Federation of Fishermen’s Organisations). (2012). Sustainability Initiatives in Fishing. http://www.nffo.org.uk/sustainability.html. Accessed 15 Dec 2012.
  25. ODPM (Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. (2004). Competitive European Cities: Where do the Core Cities Stand?. Urban Research Summary, 13, 12 (PDF).Google Scholar
  26. Over, R. (1993). Wives and traders: Women’s careers in Ghanaian Canoe Fisheries. Maritime Anthropological Studies (MAST), 6, 110–135Google Scholar
  27. Rana, K., & Cho, P. S. (2001). Women in Fisheries in the European Union. Global Symposium on Women in Fisheries at the Sixth Asian fisheries Forum, 29 November, Kaohsiung, pp. 191–193.Google Scholar
  28. Robinson, R. (1987). A history of the Yorkshire Coast Fishing Industry, 1780–1914. Hull: University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Russell, D. (2004). Looking north: Northern England and the national imagination. Manchester: University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Thompson, P. (1985, January). Women in the fishing: The roots of power between the sexes. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 27(01), 3–32.Google Scholar
  31. Tunstall, J. (1962). The Fishermen. London: MacGibbon & Kee.Google Scholar
  32. UN (United Nations). (1997). Women and Sustainable Development. Department of Public Information—DPI/1906/SD-June.Google Scholar
  33. Weeratunge, N., Snyder, K. A, & Choo, P. S. (2010). Gleaner, fisher, trader, processor: Understanding Gendered Employment in Fisheries and Aquaculture. Fish and Fisheries, 11, 405–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wilcox, M. (2009), Fishing & fishermen: A guide for family historians. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Family History.Google Scholar
  35. Yodanis, C. (2000). Constructing gender and occupational segregation: A study of women and work in fishing communities. Qualitative Sociology, 23(3), 267–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Minghua Zhao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marilyn Tyzack
    • 2
  • Rodney Anderson
    • 2
  • Estera Onoakpovike
    • 1
  1. 1.Greenwich Maritime InstituteUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK
  2. 2.IRIS Consulting, 5 Golden SquareSoho, LondonUK

Personalised recommendations