Experiences with Implementation and Adoption of Integrated Pest Management in Italy

Chapter

Abstract

The optimization of crop protection strategies to reduce the risk and impact of pesticides on human health and the environment began in Italy in the early 1970s. An innovative approach for crop protection was first devised through specific research programs, the involvement of farmers and financial support from the European Union (EU). A key step for integrated pest management (IPM) implementation was the application of the agroenvironmental measures (Reg. EEC no. 2078/92) that required definition of what was meant by IPM and which solutions could provide quantifiable benefits. Fundamental in that phase was the definition, in agreement with the European Union, of the principles and general criteria to be used in the implementation of IPM and the setting up of a National IPM Committee. From 1997 onwards, the National IPM Committee has been working to guarantee that the application of IPM evolves in full respect of the defined criteria. Since then IPM has spread progressively to 2 million hectares, involving 119 crops, and obtaining high implementation percentages, especially on the horticultural crops where pesticide inputs are very high. The regions have responsibility for the implementation of IPM. The system in Emilia-Romagna region is reported on, which involves more than 200 advisors as well as technical support for overseeing the implementation of IPM on around 80% of horticultural crops. Significant results have been obtained in the reduction of use of those pesticides with a high risk for human health and the environment.

Keywords

IPM Plant protection products IPM guidelines Pesticide use Pesticide risk Emilia-Romagna region European legislation on plant protection products 

References

  1. Alberoni, G., Cavallini, D., Collina, M., &, Brunelli, A. (2010). Characterisation of the first Stemphylium vesicarium isolates resistant to strobilurins in Italian pear orchards. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 126, 453–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barzman, M. S., Bertschinger, L., Dachbrodt-Saaydeh, S., Graf, B. Jensen, J. E., Joergensen, L. N., Kudsh, P., Sarah, J.-L., & Sattin, M. (2014). Integrated Pest Management Policy, Research and Implementation: European Initiatives. In R. Peshin & D. Pimentel (Eds.) Integrated Pest Management: Experiences with Implementation, Volume 4. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Calliera, M., Berta, F., Galassi, T., Mazzini, F., Rossi, R., Bassi, R., Meriggi, P. Bernard, B., Marchis, M., Di Guardo, A., & Capri, E. (2013). Enhance knowledge on sustainable use of plant protection products within the framework of the Sustainable Use Directive. Pest Management Science, 69, 883–888.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Criniti, A., Mazzoni, E., Cassanelli, S., Cravedi, P., Tondelli, A., Bizzaro, D., & Manicardi, G. C. (2008). Biochemical and molecular diagnosis of insecticide resistance conferred by esterase, MACE, kdr and super-kdr based mechanisms in Italian strains of the peach potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 90(3), 168–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. FRAC—Fungicide Resistance Action Committee. (2012). http://www.frac.info/index.htm. Accessed 10 Nov 2012.
  6. Galassi, T. (2008). Linee guida nazionali per la produzione integrata. L’informatore Agrario, 5, 71–72.Google Scholar
  7. Galassi, T. (2012). Allegato III della direttiva 2009/128/CE e la difesa integrate in Italia. Atti delle Giornate Fitopatologiche, 1, 15–40.Google Scholar
  8. Galassi, T., & Mazzini, F. (2005). L’evoluzione dell’assistenza tecnica nella difesa fitosanitaria: l’esperienza della Regione Emilia-Romagna. Notiziario A.I.P.P. sulla Protezione delle Piante, 19, 11–14.Google Scholar
  9. GIRE—Italian Herbicide Resistance Working Group. (2012). Database of herbicide resistance in Italy. www.resistenzaerbicidi.it. Accessed 29 Sep 2012.
  10. INEA—Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria (2012). Annuario dell’Agricoltura Italiana 2011. INEA, Rome, Italy. http://www.inea.it/public/it/pubblicazioni.php?action=2&scat=527.
  11. IRAC—Insecticide Resistance Action Committee. (2012). http://www.irac-online.org/. Accessed 10 Nov 2012.
  12. ISTAT—Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. (2010). La distribuzione per uso agricolo dei prodotti fitosanitari. Anno 2009. http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/1831. Accessed 21 June 2012.
  13. ISTAT—Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. (2011). La distribuzione per uso agricolo dei prodotti fitosanitari. Anno 2010. http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/44206. Accessed 21 June 2012.
  14. ISTAT—Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. (2012). Censimento agricoltura 2012—Risultati definitivi. http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/66591. Accessed 16 Oct 2012.
  15. ISTAT—Istituto Nazionale di Statistica .(2012a). La distribuzione per uso agricolo dei prodotti fitosanitari. Anno 2011. http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/71698. Accessed 30 Oct 2012.
  16. MIPAAF—Ministero, delleP. A. gricoleA. eF. (2012). Costruire il futuro: difendere l’agricoltura dalla cementificazione. http://www.politicheagricole.it/flex/cm/FixedPages/Common/Search.v2.php/L/IT?frmSearchText=Costruire+il+futuro%3A+difendere+l%92agricoltura+dalla+cementificazione&x=15&y=13. Accessed 12 Oct 2012.
  17. Principi, M. M. (1962). I metodi di controllo integrato nella difesa delle piante coltivate dagli attacchi degli artropodi. Atti Accademia Economico-Agraria Georgofili, 9, sez. 7.Google Scholar
  18. Principi, M. M. (1973). Realtà e prospettive della lotta integrata nei fruttiferi. Bollettino Istituto Entomologia Univ. Bologna, 30, 289–301.Google Scholar
  19. Rete Rurale Nazionale. (2012). Linee guida nazionali produzione integrata. http://www.reterurale.it/flex/cm/pages/ServeBLOB.php/L/IT/IDPagina/6797. Accessed 15 Dec 2012.
  20. Tirello, P., Pozzebon, A., Cassanelli, S., Van Leeuwen, T., & Duso, C. (2012). Resistance to acaricides in Italian strains of Tetranychus urticae: Toxicological and enzymatic assays. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 57(1), 53–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Vasileiadis, V. P., Sattin, M., Otto, S., Veres, A., Pálinkás, Z., Ban, R., Pons, X., Kudsk, P., van der Weide, R., Czembor, E., Moonen, A. C., & Kiss, J. (2011). Crop protection in European maize-based cropping systems: Current practices and recommendations for innovative integrated pest management. Agricultural Systems, 104, 533–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Phytosaniyary Service of Emilia-Romagna RegionBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Italian National Research Council—CNRInstitute of agro-envinronmental and forest biology, National Research CouncilLegnaro (Padova)Italy

Personalised recommendations