Physiology of Gametogenesis

  • Ying-Hui Ye
  • Le-Jun Li
  • Yue-Zhou Chen
  • He-Feng Huang
  • Zhong-Yan Liang
Chapter

Abstract

Gametogenesis is a biological process by which diploid or haploid precursor cells undergo cell division and differentiation to form mature haploid gametes. The biology of gamete production is different between males and females. In human, gametogenesis is the development of diploid germ cells into either haploid sperm (spermatogenesis) or eggs (oogenesis). Gamete production in females is intimately part of the endocrine responsibility of the ovary. If there are no gametes, then hormone production is drastically curtailed. Depletion of oocytes implies depletion of the major hormones of the ovary. In the male this is not the case. Androgen production will proceed normally without a single spermatozoon in the testes. This chapter reviews some of the basic structural morphology and physiology of the testes and the ovaries.

Keywords

Luteinizing Hormone Granulosa Cell Sertoli Cell Oocyte Maturation Zona Pellucida 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying-Hui Ye
    • 1
    • 2
  • Le-Jun Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yue-Zhou Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • He-Feng Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhong-Yan Liang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Reproductive GeneticsZhejiang University, Ministry of EducationHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Reproductive EndocrinologyWomen’s Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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