Urban Climate—Impact and Interaction of Air Quality and Global Change
Urban climate impacts on more than half of mankind. Two dominating features are urban heat islands and changed precipitation patterns. Urban climate features are linked to and interact with local and regional air quality and Global Change. Especially urban heat islands have negative impacts so that mitigation and adaptation strategies are desirable. This review will present some mitigation and adaptation strategies. The use of complex numerical models such as meso-scale chemistry transport models is strongly recommended in order to assess the effect of planned measures against urban heat islands and to estimate their impact on urban air quality.
- 5.Emeis S (2010) Measurement methods in atmospheric sciences. In situ and remote. Series: quantifying the environment, vol 1. Borntraeger, Stuttgart. XIV + p 257Google Scholar
- 20.United Nations (2008) State of the world’s Cities 2008/2009—Harmonious cities. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT). Earthscan, London. p 259. http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=2562, read Sept. 10, 2012