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Manipulating Alien Plant Species Propagule Pressure as a Prevention Strategy for Protected Areas

  • Laura A. Meyerson
  • Petr Pyšek
Chapter
Part of the Invading Nature - Springer Series in Invasion Ecology book series (INNA, volume 7)

Abstract

In this chapter we argue that preventing the introduction and spread of alien species in protected areas is still a highly relevant and critically important management strategy despite current and future global change. There has been a provocative and attention grabbing call of late in the conservation literature to accept alien species invasions as inevitable and perhaps even desirable. Such ‘novel ecosystems’, it has been argued, may function equivalently or better under future conditions. However, we suggest that it is the very uncertainty that global change and its associated impacts bring that makes prevention more necessary than ever for protected areas. Here we focus on the variables affecting protected areas that can and cannot be manipulated to strengthen prevention efforts. Because so much has been learned about alien species prevention, we also outline different approaches for existing protected areas and those that are planned in the future, with particular emphasis on the management of invasive alien plant pathways and propagule pressure.

Keywords

Invasive plants Protected areas Prevention Management Climate change 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was supported by long-term research development project no. RVO 67985939 (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic). LAM also acknowledges support from the United States and Czech Fulbright Commissions, and PP from institutional resources of Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, and Praemium Academiae award from the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Natural Resources ScienceUniversity of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Invasion EcologyInstitute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrůhoniceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Ecology, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePrague 2Czech Republic

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