Advertisement

Perspectives of History and Philosophy on Teaching Astronomy

  • Horacio Tignanelli
  • Yann Benétreau-DupinEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The didactics of astronomy is a relatively young field with respect to that of other sciences. Historical issues have most often been part of the teaching of astronomy, although that often does not stem from a specific didactics. The teaching of astronomy is often subsumed under that of physics. One can easily consider that, from an educational standpoint, astronomy requires the same mathematical or physical strategies. This approach may be adequate in many cases but cannot stand as a general principle for the teaching of astronomy.

This chapter offers in a first part a brief overview of the status of astronomy education research and of the role of the history and philosophy of science (HPS) in astronomy education. In a second part, it attempts to illustrate possible ways to structure the teaching of astronomy around its historical development so as to pursue a quality education and contextualized learning.

Keywords

Solar System Natural Kind Celestial Body Planetary Orbit Planetary Motion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science) (1990). Science for All Americans (Project 2061). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. AAAS (1994). Benchmarks for Science Literacy (Project 2061). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. AAAS (2001). Designs for Science Literacy (Project 2061). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Abd-El-Khalick, F. (2012). Examining the Sources for Our Understandings About Science: Enduring Conflations and Critical Issues in Research on Nature of Science in Examining the Sources for Our Understandings about science. International Journal of Science Education, 34(3), 353–374.Google Scholar
  5. Adams, J., Adrian, R.L., Brick, C., Brissenden, G., Deming, G., Hufnagel, B., Slater, T., Zeilik, M. & the Collaboration for Astronomy Education Research (CAER) (2000). Astronomy Diagnostic Test (ADT) Version 2.0. http://solar.physics.montana.edu/aae/adt/
  6. Alic, M. (1986). Hypatia’s Heritage: A History of Women in Science from Antiquity through the Nineteenth Century. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  7. Allchin, D. (2012). The Minnesota Case Study Collection: New Historical Inquiry Case Studies for Nature of Science Education. Science & Education, 21(9), 1263–1281.Google Scholar
  8. Arons, A.B. (1965). Development of Concepts of Physics. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  9. Atwood, R.K. & Atwood, V.A. (1995). Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Conceptions of What Causes Night and Day. School Science and Mathematics, 95, 290–294.Google Scholar
  10. Atwood, R.K. & Atwood, V.A. (1996). Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Conceptions of the Causes of Seasons. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 33(5), 553–563.Google Scholar
  11. Bailey, J.M. (2007). Development of a Concept Inventory to Assess Students’ Understanding and Reasoning Difficulties about the Properties and Formation of Stars. Astronomy Education Review, 6(2), 133–9.Google Scholar
  12. Bailey, J.M. (2009). Concept Inventories for ASTR0 101. The Physics Teacher 47(7), 439–41.Google Scholar
  13. Bailey, J.M., Johnson, B., Prather E.E. & Slater, T.F. (2012). Development and Validation of the Star Properties Concept Inventory. International Journal of Science Education 34(14), 2257–2286.Google Scholar
  14. Bailey, J.M. & Slater, T. (2003). A Review of Astronomy Education Research. Astronomy Education Review, 2(2), 20–45.Google Scholar
  15. Bardar, E.M., Prather, E.E., Brecher, K. & Slater, T.F. (2007). Development and Validation of the Light and Spectroscopy Concept Inventory. Astronomy Education Review, 5(2), 103–113.Google Scholar
  16. Baumgardt, C. (1951). Johannes Kepler: Life and Letters. Philosophical Library.Google Scholar
  17. Baxter, J. (1989). Children’s Understanding of Familiar Astronomical Events. International Journal of Science Education, 11(5), 502–513.Google Scholar
  18. Bayraktar, Ş. (2009). Pre-service Primary Teachers’ Ideas about Lunar Phases. Turkish Science Education, 6(2), 12–23.Google Scholar
  19. Bird, A. & Tobin, E. (2010). Natural Kinds. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2010 Edition), Zalta, N.E. (ed.). http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2010/entries/natural-kinds/
  20. Bokulich, A. (forthcoming). “Pluto and the ‘Planet Problem’: Folk Concepts and Natural Kinds in Astronomy”, Perspectives on Science. Google Scholar
  21. Boyd, R. (1999). Homeostasis, Species, and Higher Taxa, in R. Wilson (ed.) Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  22. Bretones, P.S. & Neto, J.M. (2011). An Analysis of Papers on Astronomy Education in Proceedings of IAU Meetings from 1988 to 2006. Astronomy Education Review, 10(1).Google Scholar
  23. Brissenden, G., Slate, T.F. & Mathieu, R. (2002). The Role of Assessment in the Development of the College Introductory Astronomy Course: A “How-to” Guide for Instructors. Astronomy Education Review, 1(1).Google Scholar
  24. Brown, M. (2010). How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming, Spiegel & Grau.Google Scholar
  25. Bulunuz, N. & Jarrett, O. S. (2009). Understanding of Earth and Space Science Concepts: Strategies for Concept-Building in Elementary Teacher Preparation. School Science and Mathematics, 109(5), 276–289.Google Scholar
  26. Byers, N. & Williams, G. (2006). Out of the Shadows: Contributions of Twentieth-Century Women to Physics, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Carey, S. (2000). Science Education as Conceptual Change. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 21(1), 13–19.Google Scholar
  28. Carey, S. (2009). The Origin of Concepts. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Causeret, P. (2005). Le Ciel à Portée de Main: 50 Expériences d’Astronomie. Paris: Belin.Google Scholar
  30. Chalmers, A. (1999). What Is This Thing Called Science? Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  31. Clough, M.P. (2011). The Story Behind the Science: Bringing Science and Scientists to Life in Post-Secondary Science Education. Science & Education, 20(7–8): 701–717. Google Scholar
  32. College of the University of Chicago. (1949). Introductory General Course in the Physical Sciences Vol. 1, 2. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  33. College of the University of Chicago. (1950). Introductory General Course in the Physical Sciences Vol. 3. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  34. Comins, Neil F. (2000) A Method to Help Students Overcome Astronomy Misconceptions. The Physics Teacher, 38(9), 542.Google Scholar
  35. Conant, J.B, ed. (1948). Harvard Case Histories in Experimental Science. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Conant, J.B. & Nash, L.K., eds. (1957). Harvard Case Histories in Experimental Science. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  37. Cromer, A. (1993). Uncommon Sense. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Dedes, C. & Ravanis, K. (2009). History of Science and Conceptual Change: The Formation of Shadows by Extended Lights Sources. Science & Education, 18(9), 1135–1151.Google Scholar
  39. deGrasse Tyson, N. (2009). The Pluto Files, Norton & Co.Google Scholar
  40. Deming, G. & Hufnagel, B. (2001). Who’s Taking Astro 101? The Physics Teachers, 39(6), 368–369.Google Scholar
  41. Derry, N.G. (1999). What Science Is and How It Works. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Diakidoy, I.A. & Kendeou, P. (2001). Facilitating Conceptual Change in Astronomy: A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Two Instructional Approaches. Learning and Instruction, 11(1), 1–20.Google Scholar
  43. Dunbar, R. (1995). The Trouble with Science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Duschl, R.H. (1992). Philosophy of Science, Cognitive Science and Educational Theory and Practice. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  45. Duschl, R.H. & Grandy, R.E., eds. (2008). Teaching Scientific Inquiry: Recommendations for Research and Implementation, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
  46. Duschl, Richard A., and Richard E. Grandy (2012). “Two Views About Explicitly Teaching Nature of Science.” Science & Education. doi: 10.1007/s11191-012-9539-4.Google Scholar
  47. Eflin, J., Glennan, S. & Reisch, G. (1999). The Nature of Science: A Perspective from the Philosophy of Science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36(1), 107–116.Google Scholar
  48. Fraknoi, A. (2008). Women in Astronomy: An Introductory Resource Guide to Materials in English. http://astrosociety.org/edu/resources/womenast_bib.html. Accessed June 2012.
  49. Frède, V. (2006). Pre-Service Elementary Teacher’s Conceptions about Astronomy. Advances in Space Research, 38(10), 2237–2246.Google Scholar
  50. Frède, Valérie (2008). “Teaching Astronomy for Pre-Service Elementary Teachers: A Comparison of Methods.” Advances in Space Research 42 (11), 1819–1830.doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2007.12.001.Google Scholar
  51. Goodstein, D. & Goodstein, J.R. (1996). Feynman’s Lost Lecture, The Motion of Planets around the Sun. W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  52. Gordon, A. (1978). Williamina Fleming: “Women’s Work” at the Harvard Observatory. Women’s Studies Newsletter, 6(2), 24–27. The Feminist Press at the City University of New York.Google Scholar
  53. Gouguenheim, L., McNally, D. & Percy, J.R., eds. (1998). New Trends in Astronomy Teaching. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union 162, London and Milton Keynes, UK, July 8–12, 1996. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Greve, J.P. de (2009). Challenges in Astronomy Education. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, 5, no. H15, 642–667.Google Scholar
  55. Haandel, M. van & Heckman, G. (2009). Teaching the Kepler Laws for Freshmen. The Mathematical Intelligencer, 31(2), 40–44.Google Scholar
  56. Hake, R.R. (2002). Lessons from the Physics Education Reform Effort. Ecology and Society, 5(2), 28.Google Scholar
  57. Hake, R.R. (2007). Six Lessons from The Physics Education Reform Effort. Latin American Journal of Physics Education, 1(1), 24–31.Google Scholar
  58. Hall, A. (1894). A Suggestion in the Theory of Mercury. The Astronomical Journal 14 (319), 49–51.Google Scholar
  59. Harper, W.L. (2002). Newton’s Argument for Universal Gravitation. In Cohen, I. B. & Smith, G.E. (eds.). The Cambridge Companion to Newton. Cambridge University Press, pp. 174–201.Google Scholar
  60. Harper, W.L. (2007). Newton’s Methodology and Mercury’s Perihelion Before and After Einstein. Philosophy of Science, 74(5), 932–942.Google Scholar
  61. Heath, T.L., ed. (1896). Apollonius of Perga: Treatise on Conic Sections. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  62. Hestenes, D. (1987). Toward a Modeling Theory of Physics Instruction. American Journal of Physics, 55(5), 440.Google Scholar
  63. Hestenes, D., Wells, M. & Swackhamer, G. (1992). Force Concept Inventory. The Physics Teacher 30(3), 141–158.Google Scholar
  64. Hirshfeld, A. (2008). Astronomy Activity and Laboratory Manual. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.Google Scholar
  65. Hobson, A. (2003). Physics Concepts and Connections. Third Edition. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
  66. Holton, G. & Roller, D.H.D. (1958). Foundations of Modern Physical Science. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  67. Holton, G. & Brush, S.G. (1985). Introduction to Concepts and Theories in Physical Science. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  68. Höttecke, D. & Silva, C.C. (2011). Why Implementing History and Philosophy in School Science Education Is a Challenge – An Analysis of Obstacles. Science & Education, 20(3–4), 293–316.Google Scholar
  69. Isobe, S. (2005). A Short Overview of Astronomical Education Carried Out by the IAU. In Pasachoff & Percy (2005).Google Scholar
  70. Jarman, R. & McAleese, L. (1996). Physics for the Star-Gazer: Pupils’ Attitudes to Astronomy in the Northern Ireland Science Curriculum. Physics Education, 31(4), 223–226.Google Scholar
  71. Johnson, G. (2005). Miss Leavitt’s Stars: The Untold Story of the Woman Who Discovered How to Measure the Universe, Norton Pub.Google Scholar
  72. Kavanagh, C. & Sneider, C. (2007a). Learning about Gravity I. Free Fall: A Guide for Teachers and Curriculum Developers. Astronomy Education Review, 5(2), 21–52.Google Scholar
  73. Kavanagh, C. & Sneider, C. (2007b). Learning about Gravity II. Trajectories and Orbits: A Guide for Teachers and Curriculum Developers. Astronomy Education Review, 5(2), 53–102.Google Scholar
  74. Kepler, J. (1609). Astronomia Nova. Prague.Google Scholar
  75. Kepler, J. (1619). Harmonices Mundi. Prague.Google Scholar
  76. Kikas, E. (1998). The Impact of Teaching on Students’ Definitions and Explanations of Astronomical Phenomena. Learning and Instruction, 8(5), 439–454.Google Scholar
  77. Klopfer, L.E. (1969). The Teaching of Science and the History of Science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 6(1), 87–95.Google Scholar
  78. Klopfer, L.E. & Cooley, W.W. (1963). The History of Science Cases for High Schools in the Development of Student Understanding of Science and Scientists. Journal of Research for Science Teaching, 1(1), 33–47.Google Scholar
  79. Koestler, A. (1960). The Watershed: A Biography of Johannes Kepler. Chapter six: The Giving of the Laws. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books (reprinted in 1985 by the University Press of America).Google Scholar
  80. LaPorte, J. (2004). Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  81. Lederman, N., Adb-El-Khalick, F., Bell, R. L. & Schwartz, R. S. (2002). Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire: Towards Valid and Meaningful Assessment of Learners’ Conceptions of the Nature of Science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 39(6), 497–521.Google Scholar
  82. Lelliott, A. & Rollnick, M. (2010). Big Ideas: A Review of Astronomy Education Research 1974–2008. International Journal of Science Education, 32(13), 1771–1799.Google Scholar
  83. Lewis, M.W. & Wigen, K.E. (1997). The Myth of Continents: A Critique of Metageography. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  84. Libarkin, J.C. (2008). Concept Inventories in Higher Education Science. Prepared for the National Research Council Promising Practices in Undergraduate STEM Education Workshop 2 (Washington, D.C., Oct. 13–14, 2008).Google Scholar
  85. Lindell, R. & Olsen, J. (2002). Developing the Lunar Phases Concept Inventory. Proceedings of the 2002 Physics Education Research Conference, S. Franklin, J. Marx, & K. Cummings (eds.), New York: PERC Publishing.Google Scholar
  86. LoPresto, M.C. & Murrell, S.R. (2011). An Astronomical Misconceptions Survey. Journal of College Science Teaching, 40(5), 14–22.Google Scholar
  87. Mack, P. (1990). Strategies and Compromises: Women in Astronomy at Harvard College Observatory. Journal for the History of Astronomy, 21(1), 65–76.Google Scholar
  88. Matthews, M.R. (1994). Science Teaching. Routledge: New York and London.Google Scholar
  89. Matthews, M.R. (2002). Constructivism and Science Education: A Further Appraisal. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 11(2), 121–134.Google Scholar
  90. McComas, W.F. (2008). Seeking Historical Examples to Illustrate Key Aspects of the Nature of Science. Science & Education, 17(2–3), 249–263.Google Scholar
  91. McComas, W. F. & Olson, J. K. (1998). The Nature of Science in International Science Education Standards Documents. In W. F. McComas (ed.), The Nature of Science in Science Education: Rationales and Strategies, pp. 41–52. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  92. Meador, B. D. S. (2009). Princess, Priestess, Poet: The Sumerian Temple Hymns of Enheduanna. University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  93. Moreira, M.A. (2005). Aprendizaje Significativo Crítico, Porto Alegre: CIP-Brasil.Google Scholar
  94. Morison, I. (2008). Introduction to Astronomy and Cosmology. Wiley.Google Scholar
  95. National Research Council (NRC) (1996). National Science Education Standards, Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  96. NRC (2011). A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  97. Nersessian, N.J. (1992). How Do Scientists Think? Capturing the Dynamics of Conceptual Change in Science. In Giere, R.N. (ed.) Cognitive Models of Science, pp. 5–22. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  98. Nersessian, N.J. (2008). Creating Scientific Concepts. MIT Press.Google Scholar
  99. Nussbaum, J. (1979). Children’s Conceptions of the Earth as a Cosmic Body: A Cross-Age Study. Science Education, 63(1), 83–93.Google Scholar
  100. Ogilvie, M. B. (1986). Women in Science: Antiquity through the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  101. Okasha, S. (2002). Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  102. Osborne, J. (1991). Approaches to the Teaching of AT16 – the Earth in Space: Issues, Problems and Resources. School Science Review, 72(260), 7–15.Google Scholar
  103. Parker, J. & Heywood, D. (1998). The Earth and Beyond: Developing Primary Teachers’ Understanding of Basic Astronomical Events. International Journal of Science Education, 20(5), 503–520.Google Scholar
  104. Partridge, B. & Greenstein, G. (2003). Goals for “Astro 101:” Report on Workshops for Department Leaders. Astronomy Education Review, 2(2), 46–89.Google Scholar
  105. Pasachoff, J.M. & Percy, J.R., eds. (1990). The Teaching of Astronomy. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union Colloquium 105, Williamstown, MA, USA, July 26–30, 1988. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  106. Pasachoff, J.M. & Percy, J.R., eds. (2005). Teaching and Learning Astronomy: Effective Strategies for Educators Worldwide. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  107. Payne-Gaposchkin, C. & Haramundanis, K. (1956). Introduction to Astronomy. Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  108. Percy, J.R. (2005). Why Astronomy is Useful and Should be Included in the School Curriculum. In Pasachoff & Percy (2005).Google Scholar
  109. Planète Sciences. (2009). Pas à Pas dans l’Univers: 15 Expériences d’Astronomie Pour Tous. Paris: Vuibert.Google Scholar
  110. Posner, G. J., Strike, K. A., Hewson, P. W., & Gertzog, W. A. (1982). Accommodation of Scientific Conception: Towards a Theory of Conceptual Change. Science Education, 66(2), 211–227.Google Scholar
  111. Prather, E.E., Rudolph, A.L. & Brissenden, G. (2009a). Teaching and Learning Astronomy in the 21st Century. Physics Today. October: 41–47.Google Scholar
  112. Prather, E.E., Rudolph, A. L., Brissenden, G. & Schlingman, W. (2009b). A National Study Assessing the Teaching and Learning of Introductory Astronomy. Part I. The Effect of Interactive Instruction. American Journal of Physics, 77 (4), 320–330.Google Scholar
  113. Richwine, P.L. (2007). The Impact of Authentic Science Inquiry Experiences Studying Variable Stars on High School Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes about Science and Astronomy and Beliefs Regarding the Nature of Science. PhD dissertation, University of Arizona. AAT 3254711.Google Scholar
  114. Rossiter, M.W. (1982). Women Scientists in America: Struggles and Strategies to 1940. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  115. Rudolph, A., Prather E.E., Brissenden, G., Consiglio, D. & Gonzaga, V. (2010). A National Study Assessing the Teaching and Learning of Introductory Astronomy Part II: The Connection Between Student Demographics and Learning. Astronomy Education Review, 9(1), 010107.Google Scholar
  116. Sadler, P. M., Coyle, H., Miller, J.L., Cook-Smith, N., Dussaul, M. & Gould, R. R. (2010). The Astronomy and Space Science Concept Inventory: Development and Validation of Assessment Instruments Aligned with the K12 National Science Standards. Astronomy Education Review, 8(1), 010111.Google Scholar
  117. Sardar, Z. & Loon, B. van (2002). Introducing Science. Cambridge: Icon Books, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  118. Sarton, G. (1959). A History of Science. Hellenistic Science and Culture in the Last Three Centuries B.C., Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  119. Schlingman, W.M., Prather, E.E., Colin, W.S., Rudolph, A. & Brissenden, G. (2012). A Classical Test Theory Analysis of the Light and Spectroscopy Concept Inventory National Study Data Set. Astronomy Education Review, 11(1).Google Scholar
  120. Schoon, K.J. (1995). The Origin and Extent of Alternative Conceptions in the Earth and Space Sciences: A Survey of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers. Journal of Elementary Science Education, 7(2), 27–46.Google Scholar
  121. Slater, T.F. (1993). The Effectiveness of a Constructivist Epistemological Approach to the Astronomy Education of Elementary and Middle Level In-Level Teachers. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, Columbia.Google Scholar
  122. Slater, T.F. (2008). The First Big Wave of Astronomy Education Research Dissertations and Some Directions for Future Research Efforts. Astronomy Education Review, 7(1), 1–12.Google Scholar
  123. Slater, T. F. & Adams, J. P. (2002). Learner-Centered Astronomy Teaching: Strategies for ASTRO 101. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall/Pearson Education.Google Scholar
  124. Slater, T.F. & Slater, S.J. (2008). Development of the Test of Astronomy Standards (TOAST) Assessment Instrument. Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 40, 273.Google Scholar
  125. Sneider, C.I. & Ohadi M.M. (1998). Unraveling Students’ Misconceptions about the Earth’s Shape and Gravity. Science Education, 82(2), 265–284.Google Scholar
  126. Soter, S. (2006) What is a Planet? The Astronomical Journal, 132(6), 2513–2519.Google Scholar
  127. Stern, S.A. & Levison, H. (2002). Regarding the Criteria for Planethood and Proposed Planetary Classification Schemes. Highlights in Astronomy, 12, 205–213.Google Scholar
  128. Swarup, G., Bag, A.K. & Shulda, K.S. eds. (1987). History of Oriental Astronomy. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union Colloquium no. 91, New Delhi, India, November 13–16, 1985. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  129. Taylor, I., Barker, M. & Jones, A. (2003). Promoting mental model building in astronomy education. International Journal of Science Education, 25(4), 1205–1222.Google Scholar
  130. Thompson, M. (2001). Teach Yourself Philosophy of Science. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  131. Trumper, R. (2000). University Students’ Conceptions of Basic Astronomy Concepts. Physics Education, 35(1), 9–15.Google Scholar
  132. Trumper, R. (2001a). Assessing Students’ Basic Astronomy Conceptions from Junior High School through University. Australian Science Teachers Journal, 41(1), 21–31.Google Scholar
  133. Trumper, R. (2001b). A Cross-Age Study of Senior High School Students’ Conceptions of Basic Astronomy Concepts. Research in Science & Technological Education, 19(1), 97–109.Google Scholar
  134. Trumper, R. (2003). The Need for Change in Elementary School Teacher Training – A Cross-College Age Study of Future Teachers’ Conceptions of Basic Astronomy Concepts. Teaching and Teacher Education, 19(3), 309–323.Google Scholar
  135. Trumper, R. (2006). Teaching Future Teachers Basic Astronomy Concepts – Seasonal Changes – at a Time of Reform in Science Education. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 43(9), 879–906.Google Scholar
  136. Trundle, K.C., Atwood, R.K. & Christopher, J.E. (2002). Preservice Elementary Teacher’s Conceptions of Moon Phases before and after Instruction. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 39(7), 633–658.Google Scholar
  137. Vosniadou, S. & Brewer, W.F. (1992). Mental Models of the Earth : A Study of Conceptual Change in Childhood. Cognitive Psychology, 24(4), 535–585.Google Scholar
  138. Wallace, C. & Bailey, J. (2010). Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Astronomy Education Review, 9(1), 010116.Google Scholar
  139. Waller, W.H. & Slater, T.F. (2011). Improving Introductory Astronomy Education in American Colleges and Universities: A Review of Recent Progress. Journal of Geoscience Education, 59(4), 176–183.Google Scholar
  140. Weintraub, D.A. (2008). Is Pluto a Planet?: A Historical Journey through the Solar System. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  141. Williamson, K.E. & Willoughby, S. (2012). Student Understanding of Gravity in Introductory College Astronomy. Astronomy Education Review, 11(1), 010105.Google Scholar
  142. Wolff, S.C. & Fraknoi, A. (2005). The Astronomy Education Review: Report on a New Journal. In Pasachoff & Percy (2005).Google Scholar
  143. Wolpert, L. (1994). The Unnatural Nature of Science. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  144. Zeilik, M. (1993). Conceptual Astronomy. Wiley.Google Scholar
  145. Zeilik, M. & Morris, V.J. (2003). An Examination of Misconceptions in an Astronomy Course for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Majors. Astronomy Education Review, 2(1), 101–119.Google Scholar
  146. Zeilik, M., Schau, C., Mattern, N., Hall, S., Teague, K.W. & Bisard, W. (1997). Conceptual Astronomy: A Novel Model for Teaching Postsecondary Science Courses. American Journal of Physics, 65(10), 987–996.Google Scholar
  147. Zeilik, M., Schau, C. & Mattern, N. (1998). Misconceptions and Their Change in University-Level Astronomy Courses. The Physics Teacher, 36(2), 104–107.Google Scholar
  148. Zirbel, E. L. (2004). Framework for Conceptual Change. Astronomy Education Review 3(1), 62–76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Educational Management DirectionNational Ministry of EducationBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyWestern University, and Rotman Institute of PhilosophyLondonCanada

Personalised recommendations