The Plume to Plate Transition: Hadean and Archean Crustal Evolution in the Northern Wyoming Province, U.S.A.

  • Paul A. Mueller
  • David W. Mogk
  • Darrell J. Henry
  • Joseph L. Wooden
  • David A. Foster
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 7)

Abstract

The 2.8–4.0 Ga record of crustal evolution preserved in the northern Wyoming Province of western North America provides insight into the role of plume- and plate-regimes in the generation of Hadean and Archean continental crust, and the associated elemental depletion of the primitive mantle. The most complete record is exposed in the Beartooth Mountains (Montana-Wyoming), which lie within the Beartooth-Bighorn magmatic zone (BBMZ) sub-province of the Wyoming Province. The BBMZ (> 100,000 km2) is characterized by a single, voluminous suite of Mesoarchean (~ 2.8–2.9 Ga) TTG (tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite) plutonic and metaplutonic rocks. In the Beartooth Mountains these Mesoarchean rocks are exposed along an ~ 100 km E-W cross-section, along which they intrude greenschist grade turbidites in the west (South Snowy block) and high grade, older gneisses in the east (Beartooth Plateau block). The most complete assemblage of pre-2.8 Ga crust is preserved as enclaves within the plutonic Mesoarchean rocks of the Beartooth Plateau block. These older gneisses consist of 3.1–3.5 Ga, tectonically interleaved meta-plutonic (principally TTG and associated migmatites) and metasupracrustal lithologies (e.g., quartzites, schists, banded iron formation, and a range of paragneisses).

The arc-like elemental abundances and enriched Pb and Nd isotopic systematics of the Mesoarchean magmatic suite and the 3.1–3.5 Ga older enclaves in conjunction with Lu-Hf data from 3.3 to 4.0 Ga detrital zircons suggest a model of crustal evolution that began with a Hadean, mafic proto-continent that likely developed over a zone of mantle upwelling. Lu-Hf systematics of the 3.6 to 4.0 Ga zircons suggest substantial recycling within the proto-continent in this interval, and that this recycling involved a low Lu/Hf (~ 0.1) system. A ubiquitous component of 3.2–3.4 Ga detrital zircons with more juvenile Hf isotopic compositions occurs throughout the northern Wyoming Province and suggests a major period of crustal growth and generation of TTG-suite rocks from more depleted sources. Following a period of relative quiescence (2.8–3.1 Ga) in the BBMZ, late Mesoarchean arc magmatism (TTG, adakites, etc.) largely reconstituted the older crust during a relatively brief period between 2.79 and 2.83 Ga; it has remained essentially undisturbed since that time.

Placing this history in a global context suggests that Hadean-Eoarchean crust formed in diachronous and spatially diverse environments that were both plume-like (e.g., Pilbara, northern Wyoming Province) and subduction-like (e.g., West Greenland). The relative importance of plume-type crustal growth declined and subduction-type growth increased through time as a consequence of a progressive decline in terrestrial heat production and mantle potential temperature, with a concomitant increase in hydrous mantle melting in subduction zones.

Keywords

Isotopic Composition Detrital Zircon Band Iron Formation Mantle Upwelling Felsic Gneiss 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the financial support of the N.S.F. (EAR-8211828, 8618885, 9219645, 0538133, 0546751, and 0609948), NASA, and the U.S.G.S. Data and observations pertinent to the South Snowy block benefited from the contributions of 24 undergraduate students supported by an NSF REU site project (EAR-0851934, 0851752, and 0852025). The support and cooperation of the staff of Yellowstone National Park are also gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. Abbott D, Drury R, Smith W (1994) Flat to steep transition in subduction style. Geol 22:937–940Google Scholar
  2. Arevalo R, McDonough W (2010) Chemical variations and regional diversity of MORB. Chem Geol 271:70–85Google Scholar
  3. Arndt N (2003) Komatiites, kimberlites, and boninites. J Geophys Res. doi:10 1029/2002JB002157Google Scholar
  4. Basilevsky A, Head J (2007) Beta Regio, Venus: Evidence for uplift, rifting, and vocanism due to a mantle plume. Icarus 192:167–186Google Scholar
  5. Bell E, Harrison T, McCulloch M, Young E (2011) Early Archean crustal evolution of the Jack Hills zircon source terrane inferred from Lu-Hf, 207Pb/206Pb, and d18O systematics of Jack Hills zircons. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75:4816–4829Google Scholar
  6. Berndt TR, Hanson MH, Kotash AK, Mogk DW, Henry DJ, Mueller PA, Foster DA (2012) Precambrian geology of Yellowstone National Park (YNP) and surrounding areas: plutonic rocks of the Slough Creek area. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 44:70Google Scholar
  7. Bindeman I, Lundstrom C, Bopp C, Huang F (2013) Stable isotope fractionation by thermal diffusion through partially molten wet and dry silicate rocks. Earth Planet Sci Lett 365:51–62Google Scholar
  8. Bizzaro M, Connelly J, Thrane K, Borg L (2012) Excess hafnium-176 in meteorites and the early Earth zircon record. Geochem Geophys Geosys. doi:10 10929/2011GC004003Google Scholar
  9. Brady JB, Kovaric DN, Cheney JT, Jacob LJ, King JT (2004) 40Ar/39Ar ages of metamorphic rocks from the tobacco root mountains, Montana. In: Brady JB, Burger HR, Cheney JT, Harms TA (eds) Precambrian geology of the tobacco root mountains, Montana: Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 377:131–150Google Scholar
  10. Breuer D, Spohn T (2003) Early plate tectonics versus single-plate tectonics on Mars: evidence from magnetic field history and crust evolution J Geophys Res. doi:10 1029/2002JE001999Google Scholar
  11. Butler J (1969) Origin of precambrian granite gneisses in the Beartooth mountains, Montana and Wyoming. In: LH Larsen (ed) Igneous and metamorphic Geology. Geol Soc Am Mem 115:73–101Google Scholar
  12. Casella CJ, Levay J, Eble E, Hirst B, Huffman K, Lahti V, Metzger R (1982) Precambrian geology of the southwestern Beartooth mountains, Yellowstone National Park, Montana and Wyoming. In: Mueller P, Wooden J (eds) Precambrian geology of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming. Montana Bur Mines Geol Spec Publ 84:1–24Google Scholar
  13. Chamberlain K, Frost C, Frost BR (2003) Early Archean to Mesoproterozoic evolution of the Wyoming province: Archean origins to modern lithospheric structure. Can J Earth Sci 40:1357–1374Google Scholar
  14. Chamberlain KR, Mueller PA (2007) Oldest rocks of the Wyoming Craton. In: Van Kranendonk MJ, Smithies RH, Bennett V (eds) Earth’s oldest rocks, developments in precambrian geology series vol 3, Condie K, (series ed). Elsevier, pp 775–791Google Scholar
  15. Chauvel C, Goldstein S, Hofmann A (1995) Hydration and dehydration of oceanic crust controls Pb evolution in the mantle. Chem Geol 126:65–75Google Scholar
  16. Clowes R, Burianyk M, Gorman A, Kanasewich E (2002) Crustal velocity structure from SAREX, the Southern Alberta refraction experiment. Can J Earth Sci 39:351–373Google Scholar
  17. Coffin M, Eldholm O (1994) Large igneous provinces: crustal structure, dimensions, and external consequences. Rev Geophys 32:1–36Google Scholar
  18. Condie KC (1976) The Wyoming Archean province in the western United States. In: Windley BF (ed) The early history of the Earth. Wiley, London, p 499–511Google Scholar
  19. Condie K (2000) Episodic continental growth models: After thoughts and extensions. Tectonophys 322(1–2):153–162Google Scholar
  20. Debaille V, O’Neill C, Brandon A, Haenecour P, Yin Q-Z, Mattielli N, Treiman A (2013) Stagnant-lid tectonics in early Earth revealed by 142Nd variations in late Archean rocks. Earth Planet Sci Lett (in press)Google Scholar
  21. DePaolo D (1981) Neodymium isotopes in the Colorado Front Range and crust-mantle evolution in the Proterozoic. Nature 291:193–196Google Scholar
  22. DePaolo D, Wasserburg G (1977) The sources of island arcs as indicated by Nd and Sr isotopic studies. Geophys Res Lett 4:465–468Google Scholar
  23. Eckelmann FD, Poldervaart A (1957) Geologic evolution of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming, Part 1 Archean history of the Quad Creek area. Geol Soc Am Bull 68:1225–1262Google Scholar
  24. Ernst G (2009) Archean plate tectonics, rise of Proterozoic supercontinentality and onset of regional, episodic stagnant-lid behavior. Gond Res 15:243–253Google Scholar
  25. Evans K (2012) The redox budget of subduction zones. Earth Sci Rev 113:11–32Google Scholar
  26. Foley S (2010) A reappraisal of redox melting in the Earth’s mantle as a function of tectonic setting and time. J Petrol 52:1363–1391Google Scholar
  27. Foster DA, Mogk DW, Henry DJ, Mueller PA (2011) Evolution of Archean rocks of the south snowy block, Yellowstone National Park: results of an REU site project. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis 9–12 October. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 43:435Google Scholar
  28. Foster DA, Mueller P, Heatherington A, Gifford J, Kalakay T (2012) Lu-Hf systematics of magmatic zircons reveal a Proterozoic crustal boundary under the cretaceous pioneer batholith, Montana. Lithos. doi: 10 1016/j lithos 2012 03 005Google Scholar
  29. Foster D, Mueller P, Vogl J, Mogk D, Wooden J (2006) Proterozoic evolution of the western margin of the Wyoming Craton: Implications for the tectonic and magmatic evolution of the northern Rocky Mountains. Can J Earth Sci 43:1601–1619Google Scholar
  30. Foster D, Gray D (2008) Paleozoic crustal growth, structure, strain rate, and metallogeny in the Lachlan Orogen, Eastern Australia. In: Spencer JE, Titley SR (eds) Ores and orogenesis: circum-pacific tectonics, geological evolution, and ore deposits, Arizona. Geol Soc Digest 22:213–225Google Scholar
  31. Frost CD, Frost BR, Chamberlain KR, Hulsebosch TP (1998) The late archean history of the Wyoming province as recorded by granitic magmatism in the Wind River Range, Wyoming. Precambrian Res 89:145–173Google Scholar
  32. Frost C (1993) Nd isotopic evidence for antiquity of the Wyoming Province. Geol 21:351–354Google Scholar
  33. Frost C, Fanning (2006) Archean geochronological framework of the Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming. Can J Earth Sci 43:1391–97Google Scholar
  34. Frost C, Frost B, Kirkwood R, Chamberlain K (2006) The tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) to granodiorite-granite (GG) transition in the late Archean plutonic rocks of the central Wyoming province. Can J Earth Sci 43:1399–1418Google Scholar
  35. Goldstein EH, Sauer K, Harwood J, Mogk D, Henry D, Mueller P, Foster D (2011) Evolution of the precambrian rocks of Yellowstone National Park (YNP): metasedimentary rocks. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 43(4):61Google Scholar
  36. Gorman A, Clowes R, Ellis R, Henstock T, Spence G, Keller G, Levander A, Snelson C, Burianyk M, Kanasewich E, Asudeh I, Zoltan H, Miller K (2002) Deep probe: imaging the roots of western North America. Can J Earth Sci 39:375–398Google Scholar
  37. Grimes C, John B, Cheadle M, Mazdab F, Wooden J, Swapp S, Schwartz J (2009) On the occurrence, trace element geochemistry, and crystallization history of zircon from in situ ocean lithosphere. Contrib Mineral Petrol 158:757–783Google Scholar
  38. Grove T, Parman S (2004) Thermal evolution of the earth as recorded by komatiites. Earth Planet Sci Lett 219:173–187Google Scholar
  39. Guitreau M, Blichert-Toft J, Martin H, Mojzsis S, Albarede F (2012) Hafnium isotope evidence from Archean granitic rocks for deep-mantle origin of continental crust. Earth Planet Sci Lett 337–338:211–223Google Scholar
  40. Hamilton WB (2003) An alternative earth. GSA Today 13:4–12Google Scholar
  41. Hansen V (2007) Subduction origin on early earth: a hypothesis. Geol 3:1059–1062Google Scholar
  42. Hargraves R (1986) Faster spreading or greater ridge length in the Archean. Geol 14:750–752Google Scholar
  43. Harrison T, Schmitt A, McCulloch M, Lovera O (2008) Early (> 4 5 Ga) formation of terrestrial crust: Lu-Hf, δ18O, and Ti thermometry results for Hadean zircons. Earth Planet Sci Lett 268:476–486Google Scholar
  44. Harris RL Jr (1959) Geologic evolution of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming, Part 3: Gardner lake area, Wyoming. Geol Soc Am Bull 70:1185–1216Google Scholar
  45. Hartlaub R, Heaman L, Simonetti A, Bohm C (2006) Relicts of Earth’s earliest crust: U-Pb, Lu-Hf, and morphological characteristics of > 3.7 Ga detrital zircon of the western Canadian Shield. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 405:75–89Google Scholar
  46. Henry DJ, Mueller PA, Wooden JL, Warner JL, Lee-Berman R (1982) Granulite grade supracrustal assemblages of the Quad Creek area, eastern Beartooth Mountains, Montana. In: Mueller PA, Wooden JL, (eds) Precambrian geology of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming. Montana Bur Mines Geol Spec Publ 84:147–159Google Scholar
  47. Henstock T, Levander A, Deep Probe Working Group (1998) Probing the Archean and Proterozoic lithosphere of western North America. GSA Today 8:16–17Google Scholar
  48. Herzberg C, Rudnick R (2012) Formation of cratonic lithosphere: an integrated thermal and chemical model. Lithos 149:4–15Google Scholar
  49. Hildreth W, Moorbath S (1988) Crustal contribution to arc magmatism in the Andes of Central Chile. Contrib Mineral Petrol 98:455–489Google Scholar
  50. Hoffman PF (1989) Speculations on Laurentia’s first gigayear (2.0–1.0 Ga). Geol 17:135–138Google Scholar
  51. Hofmann A (2003) Sampling mantle heterogeneity through oceanic basalts: isotopes and trace elements. In: Carlson R, Holland H, Turekian K (eds) The mantle and core treatise on Geochemistry, vol 2. pp 61–101Google Scholar
  52. Hofmann A (2005) The geochemistry of sedimentary rocks from the Fig Tree Group, Barberton greenstone belt: Implications for tectonic, hydrothermal, and surface processes during mid-Archean time. Precambrian Res 143:23–49Google Scholar
  53. Hynek B, Robbins S, Sramek O, Zhong S (2011) Geological evidence for a migrating Tharsis plume on early Mars. Earth Planet Sci Lett. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.08.020Google Scholar
  54. Irvine TN, Baragar WRA (1971) A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks. Can J Earth Sci 8:523–548Google Scholar
  55. James HL (1946) Chromite deposits near Red Lodge, Carbon County, Montana. US Geol Surv Bull 945-F:151–189Google Scholar
  56. Jenner F, O’Neill H (2012) Analysis of 60 elements in 616 ocean floor basaltic glasses. Geochem Geophys Geosys. doi:10 1029/2011GC0040009Google Scholar
  57. Kabete J, McNaughton N, Groves D, Mruma A (2012) Reconnaissance SHRIMP U-Pb zircon geochronology of the Tanzania Craton: evidence for neoarchean granitoid-greenstone belts in the Central Tanzania region and the southern East Africa orogen. Precambrian Res 216–219:232–266Google Scholar
  58. Kamber BS (2007) The enigma of the terrestrial protocrust: Evidence for its former existence and the importance of its complete disappearance. In: Van Kranendonk MJ, Smithies RH, Bennett V (eds) Earth’s oldest rocks. Developments in Precambrian Geology. Elsevier, Amsterdam. doi:10 1016/S0166–2635(07)15024–6Google Scholar
  59. Kamber B, Collerson K, Moorbath S, Whitehouse M (2003) Inheritance of early Archean Pb-isotope variability from long-lived Hadean protocrust. Contrib Mineral Petrol 45:25–46Google Scholar
  60. Katz R, Spiegelman M, Langmuir (2003) A new parameterization of hydrous mantle melting. Geochem Geophys Geosys. doi:10.1029/2002GC000433Google Scholar
  61. Kelemen P, Johnson K, Kinzler R, Irving A (1990) High field-strength element depletions in arc basalts due to mantle-magma interaction. Nature 345:521–524Google Scholar
  62. Keller C, Schoene B (2012) Statistical geochemistry revelas disruption in secular lithospheric evolution about 2.5 Gyr ago. Nature 485:490–493Google Scholar
  63. Kelly K, Plank T, Farr L, Ludden J, Staudigel H (2005) Subduction cycling of U, Th, and Pb. Earth Planet Sci Lett 234:369–383Google Scholar
  64. Kemp A, Wilde S, Hawkesworth C, Coath C, Nemchin A, Pidgeon R, Vervoort J, Dufrane S (2010) Hadean crustal evolution revisited: New constraints from Pb-Hf systematics of the Jack Hills zircons. Earth Planet Sci Lett 296:45–56Google Scholar
  65. Kerrich R, Xie Q (2002) Compositional recycling structure of an Archean superplume: Nb-Th-U-LREE systematics of Archean komatiites and basalts revisited. Contrib Mineral Petrol 142:476–484Google Scholar
  66. Klemme S, Blundy J, Wood B (2002) Experimental constraints on major and trace element partitioning during partial melting of eclogite. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 66:3109–3123Google Scholar
  67. Kortenaga J (2006) Archean geodynamics and thermal evolution of the Earth. Amer Geophys Union Monograph 164:7–32Google Scholar
  68. Kramers J, Tolstikhin I (1997) Two terrestrial lead isotope paradoxes, forward transport modeling, core formation and the history of the continental crust. Chem Geol 139:75–110Google Scholar
  69. Krogh T, Kamo S, Hanley T, Hess D, Dahl P, Johnson R (2011) Geochronology and geochemistry of Precambrian gneisses, metabasites, and pegmatite from the Tobacco Root Mountains, northwestern Wyoming craton, Montana. Can J Earth Sci 46:161–185Google Scholar
  70. Larsen LH, Poldervaart A, Kirchmeyer M (1966) Geologic evolution of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming, Part 7. Structural homogeneity of gneisses in the Lonesome Mountain area. Geol Soc Am Bull 77:1277–1292Google Scholar
  71. Lesher C (1990) Decoupling of chemical and isotopic exchange during magma mixing. Nature 237:235–237Google Scholar
  72. Leyreloup A, Dupuy C, Andriambololona R (1977) Catazonal xenoliths in French Neogene volcanic rocks: Constitution of the lower crust. Contrib Mineral Petrol 63:283–300Google Scholar
  73. Lyubetskaya T, Korenaga J (2007) Chemical composition of earth’s primitive mantle and its variance: 1 methods and results. J Geophys Res. doi: 10 1029/2005JB004223Google Scholar
  74. Maier A, Cates N, Trail D, Mojzis S (2012) Geology, age and field relations of Hadean zircon-bearing supracrustal rocks from Quad Creek, eastern Beartooth Mountains (Montana-Wyoming). Chem Geol. doi: 10 1016/j chemgeo 2012 04 005Google Scholar
  75. Marks S, Mogk D, Henry D, Mueller P, Foster D, Davidson C (2012) Precambrian geology of Yellowstone National Park (YNP) and surrounding areas: Mylonites and shear zones. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 44:71Google Scholar
  76. Martin H, Smithies R, Rapp R, Moyen JF, Champion D (2005) An overview of adakite, tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) and sanukitoid: relationships and some implications for crustal evolution. Lithos 79:1–24Google Scholar
  77. McDonough W, Sun S-S (1995) The composition of the earth. Chem Geol 120:223–253Google Scholar
  78. Mogk DW (1988) Archean allochthonous units in the northern and western Beartooth Mountains, Montana. In: Lewis S, Berg R (eds) Precambrian and mesozoic plate margins, Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming. Montana Bur Mines Geol Spec Publ 96:43–52Google Scholar
  79. Mogk DW, Henry DJ (1988) Metamorphic petrology of the northern Archean Wyoming Province, SW Montana: evidence for Archean collisional tectonics. In: Ernst W (ed) Metamorphism and crustal evolution in the western United States, proceedings of the VII Rubey colloquium on metamorphic terranes. Prentice Hall, NY, pp 362–382Google Scholar
  80. Mogk DW, Mueller PA, Wooden JL (1992) The nature of Archean terrane boundaries: An example from the northern Wyoming Province. Precambrian Res 55:155–168Google Scholar
  81. Mogk D, Henry D, Mueller P, Foster D (2011) Evolution of the Precambrian rocks of Yellowstone National Park (YNP): overview of an NSF/REU site project. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 43:61Google Scholar
  82. Mogk DW, Henry DJ, Mueller PA, Foster D (2012) Precambrian geology of Yellowstone National Park (YNP) and surrounding areas: emerging science and scientists at an REU site project. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 44:70Google Scholar
  83. Montgomery C, Lytwyn J (1984) Rb-Sr systematics and ages of principal Precambrian Lithologies in the South Snowy block. J Geol 92:103–112Google Scholar
  84. Moyen J-F, van Hunen J (2012) Short-term episodicity of Archean plate tectonics. Geol 40:451–454Google Scholar
  85. Mueller PA, Wooden JL, Schulz K, Bowes DR (1983) Incompatible-element-rich andesitic amphibolites from the Archean of Montana and Wyoming: evidence for mantle metasomatism. Geology 11:203–206Google Scholar
  86. Mueller PA, Peterman ZE, Granath JW (1985) A bimodal Archean volcanic series, Owl Creek Mountains, Wyoming. J Geol 93:701–712Google Scholar
  87. Mueller PA, Wooden JL, Nutman AP (1992) 3.96 Ga zircons from an Archean quartzite, Beartooth Mountains, Montana. Geol 20:327–330Google Scholar
  88. Mueller PA, Wooden JL, Mogk DW, Nutman AP, Williams IS (1996) Extended history of a 3.5 Ga trondhjemitic gneiss, Wyoming Province, USA: evidence from U-Pb systematics in zircon. Precambrian Res 78:41–52Google Scholar
  89. Mueller PA, Wooden JL, Nutman AP, Mogk DW (1998) Early Archean crust in the northern Wyoming province—Evidence from U-Pb ages of detrital zircons. Precambrian Res 91:297–307Google Scholar
  90. Mueller P, Burger H, Wooden J, Brady J, Cheney J, Harms T, Heatherington A, Mogk D (2005) Age and tectonic implications of Paleoproterozoic metamorphism in the northern Wyoming Province. J Geol 111:169–179Google Scholar
  91. Mueller PA, Wooden JL (1988) Evidence for Archean subduction and crustal recycling, Wyoming Province, USA. Geol 16:871–874Google Scholar
  92. Mueller PA, Shuster R, Wooden J, Erslev E, Bowes D (1993) Age and composition of Archean crystalline rocks from the southern Madison Range: Implications for crustal evolution in the Wyoming craton. Geol Soc Am Bull 105:437–446Google Scholar
  93. Mueller P, Heatherington A, Kelley D, Wooden J, Mogk D (2002) Paleoproterozoic Crust within the Great Falls Tectonic Zone: Implications for the Assembly of Southern Laurentia. Geol 30:127–130Google Scholar
  94. Mueller P, Wooden J, Heatherington A, Burger H, Mogk D, D’Arcy K (2004) Age and evolution of the Precambrian crust of the Tobacco Root Mountains. In: Brady JB, Burger HR, Cheney JT, Harms TA (eds) Precambrian geology of the Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 377:181–202Google Scholar
  95. Mueller P, Frost C (2006) The Wyoming Province: A distinctive Archean craton in Laurentian North America. Can J Earth Sci 43:1391–97Google Scholar
  96. Mueller PA, Wooden JL, Mogk DW, Henry DJ, Bowes DR (2010) Rapid growth of an Archean continent by arc magmatism. Precambrian Res 183:70–88Google Scholar
  97. Mueller PA, Wooden JL (2012) Trace element and Lu-Hf systematics in Hadean-Archean detrital zircons: implications for crustal evolution. J Geol 120:15–29Google Scholar
  98. Mullen ED (1983) MnO/TiO2/P2O5: a minor element discriminant for basaltic rocks of oceanic environments and its implications for petrogenesis. Earth Planet Sci Lett 62:53–62Google Scholar
  99. Munker C, Worner G, Yogodzinski G, Churikova T (2004) Behaviour of high field strength elements in subduction zones: constraints from Kamchatka-Aleutian arc lavas. Earth Planet Sci Lett 204:275–293Google Scholar
  100. Naeraa T, Schersten A, Rosing M, Kemp A, Hofmann J, Kokfelt T, Whitehouse M (2012) Hafnium isotope evidence for a transition in the dynamics of crustal growth 3.2–3.5 Gyr ago. Nature Geosci 485:627–630Google Scholar
  101. Nair R, Chacko T (2008) Role of oceanic plateaus in the initiation of subduction and origin of continental crust. Geol 36:583–586Google Scholar
  102. Nebel O, Vroon P, van Westreren M , Iizuka T, Davies G (2011) The effect of sediment recycling in subduction zones on the Hf isotope character of new arc crust, Banda arc, Indonesia. Earth Planet Sci Lett 303:240–250Google Scholar
  103. Nebel-Jacobsen Y, Munker C, Nebel O, Gerdes A, Mezger K, Nelson D (2010) Reworking of Earth’s first crust: constraints from Hf isotopes in Archean zircons form Mt Narryer, Austalia. Precambrian Res 182:175–186Google Scholar
  104. Nutman A, Friend C (2009) New 1:20,000 scale geological maps, synthesis and history of investigation of the Isua supracrustal belt and adjacent orthogneisses, southern West Greenland: a glimpse of Eoarchean crust formation and orogeny. Precambrian Res 172:189–211Google Scholar
  105. O’Neill J, Lopez D (1985) Character and regional significance of Great Falls tectonic zone, east-central Idaho and west-central Montana. Am Assoc Petroleum Geol Bull 69:437–447Google Scholar
  106. Osborne C, Baldwin J, Henry D, Mogk D, Mueller P, Foster D (2011) Evolution of the precambrian rocks of Yellowstone National Park (YNP): low-pressure metamorphism of the Jardine metasedimentary sequence. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 43:62Google Scholar
  107. Palme H, O’Neill H (2003) Cosmochemical estimates of mantle composition. In: Carlson R (ed) The mantle and core, In: Holland H, Turekian K (eds), Treatise on Geochemistry 2:1–38Google Scholar
  108. Parai R, Mukhopadhyay S (2012) How large is the subducted water flux? New constraints on mantle regassing rates. Earth Planet Sci Lett 317–318:396–406Google Scholar
  109. Pearce JA, Harris NBW, Tindle AG (1984) Trace element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks. J Petrol 25:959–978Google Scholar
  110. Pfander J, Munker C, Stracke A, Mezger K (2007) Nb/Ta and Zr/Hf in ocean island basalts—Implications for crust-mantle differentiation and the fate of Niobium. Earth Planet Sci Lett 254:158–172Google Scholar
  111. Philbrick K, Ware B, Henry D, Mogk D, Mueller P, Foster D (2011) Evolution of the Precambrian rocks of Yellowstone National Park (YNP): late Archean felsic plutons. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 43:62Google Scholar
  112. Porter K, White W (2009) Deep mantle subduction flux. Geochem Geophys Geosys. doi: 10 1029/2009GC002656Google Scholar
  113. Reese C, Solomatov V, Baumgardner J, Stegman J, Vezolainen A (2004) Magmatic evolution of impact-induced Martian mantle plumes and the origin of Tharsis. J Geophys Res. doi: 10 1029/2003JE002222Google Scholar
  114. Richardson J, Bleacher J, Glaze L (2013) The volcanic history of Syra Planun, Mars. J Vol Geotherm Res. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.11.007Google Scholar
  115. Roberts H, Dahl P, Kelley S, Frei R (2002) New 207Pb-206Pb and 40Ar-39Ar ages from SW Montana, USA: constraints on the Proterozoic and Archean tectonic and depositional history of the Wyoming Province. Precambrian Res 117:119–143Google Scholar
  116. Robin C, Bailey R (2009) Simultaneous generation of Archean crust and sub-cratonic roots by vertical tectonics. Geol 37:523–526Google Scholar
  117. Rowan LC (1969) Structural geology of the Quad-Wyoming-Line Creeks area, Beartooth Mountains, Montana. Geol Soc Am Mem 115:1–18Google Scholar
  118. Rudnick R, Gao S (2003) Composition of the continental crust. In: Rudnick R (ed) The crust. In: Holland H, Turekian K (eds) Treatise on geochemistry 3:1–64Google Scholar
  119. Salters V, Strracke A (2004) Composition of the depleted mantle. Geochem Geophys Geosys. doi: 10 1029/2003GC000597Google Scholar
  120. Shirey S, Kamber B, Whitehouse M, Mueller P, Basu A (2008) A review of the geochemical evidence for mantle and crustal processes in the Hadean and Archean: Implications for the onset of plate tectonic subduction. Geol Soc Am Mem 440:1–29Google Scholar
  121. Skinner WR (1969) Geologic evolution of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming: part 8. Ultramafic rocks in the Highline Trail Lakes area, Wyoming. Geol Soc Am Mem115:19–52Google Scholar
  122. Smithies R, Van Krankendonk M, Champion D (2005) It started with a plume-early Archean basaltic proto-crust. Earth Planet Sci Lett 238:284–397Google Scholar
  123. Spencer EW (1969) Geologic evolution of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming, Part 2. Fracture patterns. Geol Soc Am Bull 70:467–508Google Scholar
  124. Stacey JS, Kramers JD (1975) Approximation of terrestrial lead isotope evolution by a two-stage model. Earth Planet Sci Lett 26:381–399Google Scholar
  125. Staffenberg J, Mueller P, Mogk D, Henry D, Wooden J (2011) Testing a model of 2 8 Ga arc genesis with trace elements. Geol Soc Am Abst Progr 43:435Google Scholar
  126. Stevenson RK, Patchett PJ (1990) Implications for the evolution of continental crust from the Hf isotope systematics of Archean detrital zircons. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 54:1683–1698Google Scholar
  127. Taylor S, McLennan S (1995) The geochemical evolution of the continental crust. Rev Geophys 33:241–265Google Scholar
  128. Thurston PB (1986) Geochemistry and provenance of Archean metasedimentary rocks in the southwestern Beartooth Mountains. MS thesis, Montana State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  129. Tian Y, Zhao D (2012) P-wave tomography of the western United States: insights into the Yellowstone hotspot and Juan de Fuca slab. Phys Earth Planet Int 200–201:72–84Google Scholar
  130. Valley J, Lackey J, Cavosie A, Clechenko C, Spicuzza M, Basei M, Bindeman L, Frerreira V, Sial A, King E, Peck W, Sinha A, Wei C (2005) 4.4 billion years of crustal maturation: oxygen isotope ratios of magmatic zircons. Contrib Mineral Petrol 150:561–580Google Scholar
  131. van Keken P, Hacker B, Syracuse E, Abers G (2011) Subduction factory: 4. depth-dependent flux of H2O from subducting slabs worldwide. J Geophys Res. doi:10.1029/2010JB007922Google Scholar
  132. Van Kranendonk M, Ivanic T, Wingate M, Kirkland C, Wyche S (in press) long-lived, authocthonous development of the Archean Murchison Domain and implications for Yilgarn Craton tectonics. Precamb ResGoogle Scholar
  133. Van Kranendonk M (2011) Two types of Archean continental crust: plume and plate tectonics on early Earth. Am J Sci 310:1187–1209Google Scholar
  134. Wang L, Rouse R, Essene E, Peacor D, Zhang Y (2000) Carmichaelite, a new hydroxyl-bearing titanite from Garnet Ridge, Arizona. Am Mineral 85:1792–2000Google Scholar
  135. White W (1993) 238U/204Pb in MORB and open system evolution of the depleted mantle. Earth Planet Sci Lett 115:211–226Google Scholar
  136. Wilson L, Scott E, Head J (2001) Evidence for episodicity in the magma supply to the large Tharsis volcanoes. J Geophys Res 106:1423–1433Google Scholar
  137. Wittig N, Pearson DG, Webb M, Ottley CJ, Irvine GJ, Kopylova M, Jensen SM, Nowell GM (2008) Origin of cratonic lithospheric mantle roots: A geochemical study of peridotites from the North Atlantic Craton, West Greenland. Earth Planet Sci Lett. doi:10 1016/j epsl 2008 06 034Google Scholar
  138. Wooden JL, Mueller PA (1988) Pb, Sr, and Nd isotopic compositions of a suite of Late Archean igneous rocks, eastern Beartooth Mountains: implications for crust-mantle evolution. Earth Planet Sci Lett 87:59–72Google Scholar
  139. Wooden JL, Mueller PA, Mogk DW (1988) A review of the geochemistry and geochronology of the Archean rocks of the northern part of the Wyoming Province. In: Ernst WG (ed) Metamorphism crustal evolution of the Western United States vol 7:pp 383–410Google Scholar
  140. Wooden JL, Mueller PA, Mogk DW, Bowes DR (1988) A review of the geochemistry and geochronology of Archean rocks of the Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming. In: Lewis SE, Berg RB (eds) Precambrian and mesozoic plate margins, Montana Bur Mines. Geol Spec Publ 96:23–42Google Scholar
  141. Workman R, Hart S (2005) Major and trace element composition of the depleted MORB mantle. Earth Planet Sci Lett 231:53–72Google Scholar
  142. Wyman D, Kerrich R (2002) Formation of Archean lithospheric roots: the role of mantle plumes. Geol 30:543–546Google Scholar
  143. Xiao L, Huang J, Christensen P, Greely R, Williams D, Zhao J, He Q (2012) Ancient volcanism and its implications for thermal evolution of Mars. Earth Planet Sci Lett 323–324:9–18Google Scholar
  144. Yuan H, Romanowicz B (2010) Lithospheric layering in the North American craton. Nature 466:1063–1067Google Scholar
  145. Zeh A, Gerdes A, Klemd R, Barton J (2008) U-Pb and Lu-Hf isotope record of detrital zircon grains from the Limpopo belt-evidence for crustal recycling at the Hadean to early-Archean transition. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 72:5304–5329Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul A. Mueller
    • 1
  • David W. Mogk
    • 2
  • Darrell J. Henry
    • 3
  • Joseph L. Wooden
    • 4
  • David A. Foster
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA
  3. 3.Department of Geology and GeophysicsLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  4. 4.Department of Earth SciencesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  5. 5.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations