Halophytes for the Production of Liquid Biofuels

  • J. Jed Brown
  • Iwona Cybulska
  • Tanmay Chaturvedi
  • Mette H. Thomsen
Part of the Tasks for Vegetation Science book series (TAVS, volume 47)


We discuss the potential of using halophytes as a source for producing liquid biofuels. We review the potential pathways for converting oilseeds into biodiesel and bio-derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene and presents some preliminary data on biomass composition and pretreatment of the halophyte Salicornia bigelovii. Six samples of S. bigelovii cultivated at three fertilizer levels (F1: 1 gN/m2, F2: 1.5 gN/m2 and F3: 2 gN/m2) and two salinity levels (S1: 10 ppt and S5: 50 ppt salt) were analyzed with regard to chemical composition and bioethanol potential. Chemical characterization showed that S. bigelovii contained, 16.31–55.67 g/100gTS (total solids) of carbohydrates, 5.42–16.60 g/100gTS of lignin, 27.85–66.37 g/100gTS of total extractives (including extractable ash), and 2.18–9.68 g/100gTS of structural ash, depending on the plant fraction and cultivation conditions. Enzymatic hydrolysis of the pretreated samples revealed high glucose recoveries of up to 90 % (of glucose in raw S. bigelovii) corresponding to ethanol yield of 111 kg ethanol/dry ton S. bigelovii.


High Performance Liquid Chromatography Corn Stover Lignocellulosic Biomass Monomeric Sugar Fertilizer Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was supported from a grant from the Sustainable Bioenergy Research Consortium of the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Jed Brown
    • 1
  • Iwona Cybulska
    • 2
  • Tanmay Chaturvedi
    • 2
  • Mette H. Thomsen
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute Center for Water and EnvironmentMasdar Institute of Science and TechnologyAbu DhabiUAE
  2. 2.Institute Center for EnergyMasdar Institute of Science and TechnologyAbu DhabiUAE

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