Birdwing Butterflies and Their Conservation Needs

  • Donald P. A. Sands
  • Tim R. New


Butterflies are undoubtedly the single most popular group of insects, and this status has fostered considerable and widespread sympathies for their conservation in many parts of the world. The foundations of butterfly conservation – indeed of wider invertebrate conservation – have been set amongst studies of butterflies in northern temperate regions, predominantly those of the United Kingdom, parts of western Europe and North America. These foundations have most commonly reflected concerns for individual butterfly species (or subspecies) that are perceived to have declined in distribution and abundance and for which management can be based on reasonably sound biological and distributional information in well-documented faunas. They have led to emulative projects in southern temperate regions, predominantly South Africa and Australia, the latter additionally encompassing the sub-tropical and tropical forest regions that are the major focus of this account. For many individual butterfly species and subspecies in parts of the northern temperate regions, detailed conservation programmes and recovery plans can be based on an understanding of their ecology, distribution, and threats to their welfare, accumulated over many years.


Torres Strait Island Conservation Concern Fore Wing Hind Wing Larval Food Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald P. A. Sands
    • 1
  • Tim R. New
    • 2
  1. 1.Ecosystem SciencesCSIROBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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