People on the Move in a Changing Climate pp 21-48

Part of the Global Migration Issues book series (IOMS, volume 2)

| Cite as

Migration and Environmental Change in Asia

Chapter

Abstract

Increasingly it is becoming clear that major changes in Asia have implications for global environmental, social and economic systems. Together, environmental change across Asia and increasing internal and international migration already present challenges that are straining the management capacities of nation-states. Future climate change will exacerbate these challenges, as indicated here in the context of likely key regions that are projected to face major change. The chapter synthesises the current academic debate on how such environmental change will influence human migration for Asia. Many millions of people will be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, and many more people are moving into harm’s way as Asian urban development concentrates in vulnerable areas such as river valleys, deltas and coastal zones. Case studies of potential linear and non-linear changes to future migration due to climate change are presented from sub-regions of Asia. As Asian countries, and particularly those with large, poor populations, experience significant environmental change, people will adapt in situ, but increasingly, policy responses will need to look to support ex situ climate change adaptation that involves the movement of people, systems and/or assets from places of high vulnerability. Such a change in orientation would have significant, non-linear impacts for the many already highly complex migration patterns and networks within and from Asia.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geography, Environment and PopulationUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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