Development of Bioenergy Trade in Four Different Settings – The Role of Potential and Policies

  • Daniela Thrän
  • Christiane Hennig
  • Evelyne Thiffault
  • Jussi Heinimö
  • Onofre Andrade
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Energy book series (LNEN, volume 17)

Abstract

The provision, use and trade of bioenergy differ significantly between countries. This chapter provides an overview of bioenergy trade worldwide and presents case studies of four national biomass markets – Brazil, Canada, Finland and Germany – showing diverging degrees of biomass use for energy provision and biomass potentials. Since energy policy is considered to be a main driver for the use of biomass for energy generation, an overview of bioenergy policy making in different countries and the resulting impact on trade is given.

Today, dedicated solid biomass and liquid biofuels are the most relevant traded commodities. The expected stronger demand for biomass resources in particular in IEA Bioenergy Task 40 countries by 2020 may induce further trade activities. The majority of the OECD countries has implemented different support schemes primarily for liquid biofuels and power generation from biomass and has set ambitious political targets for bioenergy for the coming decade. Data availability regarding the resource situation is one precondition for a clear target definition for the development of the bioenergy sector. However, this information is often difficult to obtain.

The role of trade in the different countries depends especially on the political support and the specific resource situation, taking into account the overall biomass potential and the expected domestic demand. Hence, for some countries resource limitations can be expected to become relevant when implementing the set national targets for bioenergy. Consequently, this might lead to a comparable higher future import demand for biomass in many OECD countries.

Keywords

Sugarcane Bagasse Wood Chip Biomass Fuel Forest Industry Wood Pellet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniela Thrän
    • 1
  • Christiane Hennig
    • 2
  • Evelyne Thiffault
    • 3
  • Jussi Heinimö
    • 4
  • Onofre Andrade
    • 5
  1. 1.Bioenergy SystemsDeutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum gGmbH – DBFZ, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH – UFZLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Bioenergy SystemsDeutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum gGmbH – DBFZLeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Canadian Forest Service – Natural Resources CanadaGovernment of CanadaQuebecCanada
  4. 4.Faculty of TechnologyLappeenranta University of TechnologyVarkausFinland
  5. 5.Department of BiofuelsArgosRotterdamThe Netherlands

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