The Relevance of Early-Warning Systems and Evacuations Plans for Risk Management

  • Carolina Garcia
  • Simone Frigerio
  • Alexander Daehne
  • Alessandro Corsini
  • Simone Sterlacchini
Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 34)


Early-Warning Systems (EWS) include the provision of timely and effective information, through identified institutions, that allows individuals exposed to hazard to take action in order to avoid or reduce risk and prepare for effective response. EWS are extensive frameworks that integrate different components of risk governance and disaster risk reduction policies with the main purpose of minimizing loss of life and reducing the economic and social impact of a threatening event on the physical assets and populations exposed to hazards. This section describes and analyzes different types of EWS with the aim to connect scientific advances in hazard and risk assessment with management (emergency preparedness and response) strategies and practical demands of stakeholders and end-users. Besides a structural approach, an Integrated People-Centred EWS (IEWS) is also presented. The system is mainly based on prevention as a key element for disaster risk reduction and aims not only to increase the level of awareness and preparedness of the community and decrease its vulnerability, but also to strengthen institutional collaboration, in particular at a local level, in order to assure sustainability of the efforts in the long term and to strength the risk governance process. In this way, the whole disaster cycle can be covered, trying to apply the most advanced technology available and also making the solutions easier to use by people not accustomed to manage these techniques in their daily tasks.


Geographical Information System Early Warning System Disaster Risk Reduction Civil Protection Emergency Preparedness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Decision Support Systems


Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs


Deutsches Komitee Katastrophenvorsorge e.V.


Disaster Management Training Programme


Disaster Readiness through Education


Disaster Risk Reduction


Distant Early Warning System




Early-Warning Conference


Early-Warning Systems


Educational Itineraries for Risk Reduction


Emergency Preparedness and Response Strategies


European Commission


General Packet Radio Service


Geographical Information Systems


Global Positioning System


Ground Based Radar Systems for Movement Monitoring


Information and Communication Technology


Integral Risk Management of Extremely Rapid Mass Movements


Integrated Flood Risk Analysis and Management Methodologies


Integrated observations from near shore sources of Tsunamis


Integrated People-Centred Early-Warning System


International Risk Governance Council


Istituto di Ricerca per l’Ecologia e l’Economia Applicate alle Aree Alpine


Landslide early-warning integrated system


Living with Landslides Risk in Europe


Plan de Prévention des Risques


Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning


Rischi Naturali nel tratto Mediterraneo Occidentale


Risk Reduction Education for Disaster


Seismic Early Warning for Europe


Sensor based Landslide Early Warning System


Short Message Service


Synthetic Aperture Radar


Terrestrial Laser Scanning


TErrestrial Trunked RAdio


Tsunami Risk and Strategies For the European Region


United Nations/Environment Programme


United Nations/International Strategy for Disaster Reduction


World Meteorological Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Garcia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Simone Frigerio
    • 3
  • Alexander Daehne
    • 4
    • 5
  • Alessandro Corsini
    • 4
  • Simone Sterlacchini
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Territorial SciencesUniversity of Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly
  2. 2.Regional Independent Corporation of the Centre of Antioquia (CORANTIOQUIA)MedellinColombia
  3. 3.Italian National Research Council – Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (CNR – IRPI)PadovaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of Modena and Reggio Emilia UniversityModenaItaly
  5. 5.Department of GeosciencesUniversity of Missouri – Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  6. 6.Italian National Research CouncilInstitute for the Dynamic of Environmental Processes (CNR – IDPA)MilanItaly

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