The Relevance of Early-Warning Systems and Evacuations Plans for Risk Management

  • Carolina Garcia
  • Simone Frigerio
  • Alexander Daehne
  • Alessandro Corsini
  • Simone Sterlacchini
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 34)

Abstract

Early-Warning Systems (EWS) include the provision of timely and effective information, through identified institutions, that allows individuals exposed to hazard to take action in order to avoid or reduce risk and prepare for effective response. EWS are extensive frameworks that integrate different components of risk governance and disaster risk reduction policies with the main purpose of minimizing loss of life and reducing the economic and social impact of a threatening event on the physical assets and populations exposed to hazards. This section describes and analyzes different types of EWS with the aim to connect scientific advances in hazard and risk assessment with management (emergency preparedness and response) strategies and practical demands of stakeholders and end-users. Besides a structural approach, an Integrated People-Centred EWS (IEWS) is also presented. The system is mainly based on prevention as a key element for disaster risk reduction and aims not only to increase the level of awareness and preparedness of the community and decrease its vulnerability, but also to strengthen institutional collaboration, in particular at a local level, in order to assure sustainability of the efforts in the long term and to strength the risk governance process. In this way, the whole disaster cycle can be covered, trying to apply the most advanced technology available and also making the solutions easier to use by people not accustomed to manage these techniques in their daily tasks.

Keywords

Geographical Information System Early Warning System Disaster Risk Reduction Civil Protection Emergency Preparedness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

DSS

Decision Support Systems

DEFRA

Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs

DKKV

Deutsches Komitee Katastrophenvorsorge e.V.

DMTP

Disaster Management Training Programme

DREAD-ED

Disaster Readiness through Education

DRR

Disaster Risk Reduction

DEWS

Distant Early Warning System

EW

Early-Warning

EWC

Early-Warning Conference

EWS

Early-Warning Systems

EDURISK

Educational Itineraries for Risk Reduction

EPRS

Emergency Preparedness and Response Strategies

EC

European Commission

GPRS

General Packet Radio Service

GIS

Geographical Information Systems

GPS

Global Positioning System

GBInSAR

Ground Based Radar Systems for Movement Monitoring

ICT

Information and Communication Technology

IRASMOS

Integral Risk Management of Extremely Rapid Mass Movements

FLOODSite

Integrated Flood Risk Analysis and Management Methodologies

NEAREST

Integrated observations from near shore sources of Tsunamis

IEWS

Integrated People-Centred Early-Warning System

IRGC

International Risk Governance Council

IREALP

Istituto di Ricerca per l’Ecologia e l’Economia Applicate alle Aree Alpine

LEWIS

Landslide early-warning integrated system

SAFELAND

Living with Landslides Risk in Europe

PPR

Plan de Prévention des Risques

PPEW

Platform for the Promotion of Early Warning

RINAMED

Rischi Naturali nel tratto Mediterraneo Occidentale

RISKRED

Risk Reduction Education for Disaster

SAFER

Seismic Early Warning for Europe

SLEWS

Sensor based Landslide Early Warning System

SMS

Short Message Service

SAR

Synthetic Aperture Radar

TLS

Terrestrial Laser Scanning

TETRA

TErrestrial Trunked RAdio

TRANSFER

Tsunami Risk and Strategies For the European Region

UN/EP

United Nations/Environment Programme

UN/ISDR

United Nations/International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Garcia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Simone Frigerio
    • 3
  • Alexander Daehne
    • 4
    • 5
  • Alessandro Corsini
    • 4
  • Simone Sterlacchini
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Territorial SciencesUniversity of Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly
  2. 2.Regional Independent Corporation of the Centre of Antioquia (CORANTIOQUIA)MedellinColombia
  3. 3.Italian National Research Council – Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (CNR – IRPI)PadovaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of Modena and Reggio Emilia UniversityModenaItaly
  5. 5.Department of GeosciencesUniversity of Missouri – Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  6. 6.Italian National Research CouncilInstitute for the Dynamic of Environmental Processes (CNR – IDPA)MilanItaly

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