The Impact of European Union Migration Policies on Irregular Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa

Chapter
Part of the International Perspectives on Migration book series (IPMI, volume 5)

Abstract

In the age of globalization, it is quite easy for events at one end of the world to affect decisions at other ends of the world. This explains why events in some parts of the world, notably in Africa and other developing regions, shape policies in Europe and vice versa. Migration, which has been described as a global process given its ubiquitous nature, has shaped a number of policies by the European Union (EU) in the recent past. The Europeanization of migration, which entailed that countries in Western Europe became destination points for other countries from Eastern Europe and Africa, began after the fall of the Iron Curtain (Neisser 2010:106). The EU came up with the policy of free mobility among the Schengen States in the early 1990s and in 1995, has tightened its visa regimes for third country citizens, with increased securitization of its external borders. This has a concomitant effect on migration in other parts of the world, especially in Africa where most migrants have had to resort to irregular means of entering Europe.

Keywords

European Union Asylum Seeker Destination Country European Union Country International Labour Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyObafemi Awolowo UniversityIle-IfeNigeria

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