Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Network Design and Simulation for Water Environment Monitoring

  • Nguyen Thi Hong Doanh
  • Nguyen Tuan Duc
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 240)


In recent years, flooding in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam has become more and more serious, it affects much the lives and economics of the citizens. There are some reasons which caused this situation; among them the unfavorable natural conditions like rainfall, tide, are the crucial one. It is the reason why to build an intelligent network which is suitable for data collection precisely, rapidly and timely for water environment monitoring is essential. While traditional networks spend much money and effort to ensure continuous information in specific regions, Wireless Sensor Network is best known its advantages such as low cost, reliable and accurate over long term and required no real maintenance. Our contribution is that to build a network topology with suitable hardware and Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) routing protocol in order to reduce energy consumption of whole network and prolong network life time. Fact has shown that LEACH protocol achieves a factor of 8–15 % energy improvement compared to direct transmissions.


Wireless sensor network LEACH protocol Energy consumption Network lifetime 


  1. 1.
    Padmavathy TV, Gayathri V, Indhumathi V, Karthiga G (2012) Energy constrained reliable routing optimized cluster head protocol for multihop under water acoustic sensor networks. Int J Netw Secur Appl (IJNSA) 4(3):57Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Texas Instruments. High performance RF transceiver for narrowband systems, CC1110, CC1120. Datasheet Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tong H, Zheng J (2011) An energy and distance based clustering protocol for wireless sensor networks. 978-1-61284-307-0/11/$26.00 ©2011IEEEGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    The LEACH code is only compatible with ns-2.1b5. It was originally developed by WendiB.Heinzelman and is no longer being updated.
  5. 5.
    Rao GS, Vallikumari G (2012) A beneficial analysis of node deployment schemes for wireless sensor networks. Int J Advanced Smart Sensor Netw Syst (IJASSN) 2(2):33–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht(Outside the USA) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electrical EngineeringVietnam National University—International UniversityVietnamChina

Personalised recommendations