Advertisement

Hermeneutics of Transcendence. Understanding and Communication at the Limits of Experience

  • Annette HiltEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Contributions to Phenomenology book series (CTPH, volume 68)

Abstract

When access to shared realities is denied or blocked as in extreme situations that transcend everyday experience, a phenomenological-hermeneutic problem arises between the solitary Ego and its socially constituted meaning. With no action space to prove one’s own reality there lacks a counter-space to transcend the ambiguously irreal reality in order to perspectivize, to understand and reflect on it. Hermeneutics of transcendence analyse the experience of borders and limitations – not starting with an interrogation of constitutive grounds of shared social meaning but with structures to regain meaning in the socio-pathological structures of life excluding a Self from horizons of shared meaning. The article explores these constitutive structures by intertwining Schutz's analytical categories of modes a solitary ego transcends towards a social lifeworld with the narratological strategies of the Hungarian writer Imre Kertész. In his poetological claim for modes of expressing a life lived at the edge of the social sphere Kertész both exemplifies Schutz's theory of solitary self and foreign understanding and yet also challenges Schutz's implicit ethical concept. In an attempt to understand the non-typified, this article develops a concept of an ‘epoché of the natural attitude’ in constructing narrative reality and meaning transcending exemplary experience and its expression towards intersubjective grounds.

Keywords

Autobiographical Memory Natural Attitude Intended Meaning Social Meaning Subjective Meaning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment 

I am grateful to Brandon Winter for interpreting and translating a formerly German version of this text.

References

  1. Améry, J. 1980. At the mind’s limits. Contemplations by a survivor on Auschwitz and its realities. New York: Schocken.Google Scholar
  2. Barber, M.D. 2010. Die Literatur und die Grenzen des Pragmatismus. In Alfred Schütz und die Hermeneutik, ed. M. Staudigl, 195–212. Konstanz: UVK.Google Scholar
  3. Gadamer, H.-G. 1965. Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.Google Scholar
  4. Hilt, A. 2009. The anthropological boundaries of comprehensive meaning, its finitudes and openness: Towards a hermeneutics of expressivity. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 40(3): 263–276.Google Scholar
  5. Kertész, I. 1996. Fateless. London: Vintage.Google Scholar
  6. Kertész, I. 1998. Ich ein anderer. Reinbek: Rowohlt.Google Scholar
  7. Kertész, I. 1999a. Galeerentagebuch. Reinbek: Rowohlt.Google Scholar
  8. Kertész, I. 1999b. Kaddish für ein nichtgeborenes Kind. Reinbek: Rowohlt.Google Scholar
  9. Kertész, I. 2006. Dossier K. Eine Ermittlung. Reinbek: Rowohlt.Google Scholar
  10. Reemtsma, J.P. 2003. Überleben als erzwungenes Einverständnis. Gedanken bei der Lektüre von Imre Kertész.‚ Roman eines Schicksallosen’. In Warum Hagen Jung-Ortlieb erschlug. Unzeitgemäßes über Krieg und Tod, ed. J.P. Reemtsma, 220–249. Munich: Beck.Google Scholar
  11. Rombach, H. 1994. Phänomenologie des sozialen Lebens. Grundzüge einer phänomenologischen Soziologie. Freiburg/Munich: Alber.Google Scholar
  12. Schutz, A. 1945. The homecomer. The American Journal of Sociology 50(5): 369–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Schutz, A. 1971a. Wissenschaftliche Interpretation und Alltagsverständnis menschlichen Handelns. In Gesammelte Aufsätze, vol. I: Das Problem der sozialen Wirklichkeit, ed. A. Schutz, 3–54. The Hague: Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schutz, A. 1971b. Über die mannigfaltigen Wirklichkeiten. In Gesammelte Aufsätze, vol. I: Das Problem der sozialen Wirklichkeit, ed. A. Schutz, 237–298. The Hague: Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Schutz, A. 1972a. The phenomenology of the social world (trans: Walsh, G. and Lehnert, F.). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Schutz, A. 1972b. Die soziale Welt und die Theorie der sozialen Handlung. In Gesammelte Aufsätze, vol. II: Studien zur soziologischen Theorie, ed. A. Schutz, 3–21. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Schutz, A., and Luckmann, T. 2003. Strukturen der Lebenswelt. Konstanz: UVK. English edition: Schutz, A. and Luckmann, T. 1974. The structures of the life-world (trans: Zaner, R.M. and Engelhardt, T.). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Srubar, I. 1979. Die Theorie der Typenbildung bei Alfred Schütz. Ihre Bedeutung und ihre Grenzen. In Alfred Schütz und die Idee des Alltags in den Sozialwissenschaften, ed. W.M. Sprondel and R. Grathoff, 43–64. Stuttgart: Enke.Google Scholar
  19. Srubar, I. 1988a. Kosmion. Die Genese der pragmatischen Lebenswelttheorie und ihr anthropologischer Hintergrund. Frankfurt/M: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  20. Srubar, I. 1988b. Alfred Schütz’ Konzeption der Sozialität des Handelns. In Alfred Schütz – Neue Beiträge zur Rezeption seines Werkes, ed. E. List and I. Srubar, 145–156. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
  21. Waldenfels, B. 1978. Im Labyrinth des Alltags. In Phänomenologie und Marxismus. Bd. 3, ed. B. Waldenfels and A. Pazanin, 170–206. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  22. Waldenfels, B. 1979. Verstehen und Verständigung. Zur Sozialphilosophie von A. Schütz. In Alfred Schütz und die Idee des Alltags in den Sozialwissenschaften, ed. W.M. Sprondel and R. Grathoff, 1–12. Stuttgart: Enke.Google Scholar
  23. Waldenfels, B. 1999. Vielstimmigkeit der Rede. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyJohannes Gutenberg University MainzMainzGermany

Personalised recommendations