The Red Sea–Dead Sea Conveyance Feasibility Study, 2008–2012

Chapter
Part of the Global Issues in Water Policy book series (GLOB, volume 4)

Abstract

The Dead Sea is a hypersaline terminal lake formed about 14,000 years ago along the central part of the Dead Sea Rift after the desiccation of its precursor Lake Lisan. The Dead Sea drains an area of approximately 40,000 km2 with the Jordan River as its main source of inflow (Fig. 12.1). While in the past the Dead Sea level changes were caused by climate changes, in recent years its level is controlled primarily by anthropogenic activity. At present the Dead Sea level is approximately 425 m below sea level (BSL) while the lake’s deepest point at 730 m BSL is the deepest terrestrial spot on Earth. This chapter summarizes the principal technical and environmental findings of the Red Sea-Dead Sea Conveyance Project. This is the main solution that is being currently discussed that can potentially resolve some of the issues the Dead Sea is facing.

Keywords

Desalination Plant Evaporation Pond Social Assessment Bell Mouth Beneficiary Party 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abelson, M., Baer, G., Shtivelman, V., Wachs, D., Raz, E., Crouvi, O., Kruzon, I., & Yechieli, Y. (2003). Collapse-sinkholes and radar interferometry reveal neotectonics concealed within the Dead Sea basin. Geophysical Research Letter, 30, 52. doi: 10.1029/2003GL017103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beyth, M. (2007). The Red Sea and the Mediterranean–Dead Sea canal project. Desalination, 214(2007), 364–370.Google Scholar
  3. Coyne et Bellier. (2010, December). Red Sea Dead Sea water conveyance study program, feasibility study, draft report on sub-studies B & D (including Project Integration). Submitted to the World Bank. World Bank Web Page: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTREDSEADEADSEA/Resources/C&BRevisedB&DSummary(Rev16Dec10).pdf
  4. ERM. (2010, March). Red Sea-Dead Sea water conveyance study, environmental and social assessment. Initial Assessment Report, submitted to the World Bank. The World Bank Web Page: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTREDSEADEADSEA/Resources/RevisedInitialAssessmentReport.pdf
  5. Garfunkel, Z., & Ben-Avraham, Z. (1996). The structure of the Dead Sea basin. Tectonophysics, 266, 155–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Givati, A., & Tal, A. (2012, July 1). Hydrological monthly state report. Surface water levels in major basins and groundwater levels in the national water system (17 pp). Hydrological Survey of Israel, Israeli Water Authority (In Hebrew).Google Scholar
  7. Harza JRV Group. (1996). Red Sea–Dead Sea canal project, draft pre-feasibility report, main report. Jordan Rift Valley Steering Committee of the Trilateral Economic Committee. Chicago, IL USA.Google Scholar
  8. Markel, D. (2010, February–March). A feasibility study for the Red Sea – Dead Sea conveyance project. Water Engineering 67, 12–15 (In Hebrew).Google Scholar
  9. Neev, D., & Emery, K. O. (1967). The Dead Sea. Depositional processes and environments of evaporites (Bulletin No. 41, 147 pp). State of Israel, Ministry of Development, Geological Survey.Google Scholar
  10. Stein, M. (2001). The sedimentary and geochemical record of Neogene Quaternary water bodies in the Dead Sea Basin – Inferences for the regional paleoclimatic history. Journal of Paleolimnology, 26, 271–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. TAHAL and GSI. (2011). Red Sea Dead Sea conveyance study program – Dead Sea study. Final Report. TAHAL group in association with the Geological Survey of Israel (GSI Report Number: GSI/10/2011, TAHAL Report Number: IL201280-R11-218). World Bank Page: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTREDSEADEADSEA/Resources/Tahal_Initial_Final_Report_August_2011.pdf
  12. THETIS SpA, the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences in Eilat, Marine Science Station Uni. Of Jordan/Yarmouk Uni. Aqaba, Israel Limnological and Oceanography Research. (2011, April). Red Sea Dead Sea conveyance study program additional studies – Red Sea study. Draft Final Report, Submitted to the World Bank: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTREDSEADEADSEA/Resources/Thetis_Draft_Final_Report_30_April_2011.pdf
  13. Vardi, J. (1990). Mediterranean – Dead Sea project – Historical review. In V. Arad, M. Beyth, & J. Vardi, Geological Survey of Israel (Report GSI/9/90, pp 31–50).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lake Kinneret & Watershed Monitoring and Management UnitIsrael Water AuthorityTel-AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Shimoni, Alster & Rasiel, AdvocatesTel AvivIsrael

Personalised recommendations