Assessing Hurricane Intensity Using Satellites
Tropical cyclones spend most of their life cycle over the tropical and subtropical oceans. Because of the lack of in situ data in these regions, satellite observations are fundamental for tracking and estimating the intensity of these storms for real-time forecasting and monitoring climate trends. This chapter reviews methods for estimating tropical cyclone intensity from satellites, including those based on visible, infrared, and microwave instruments. Satellite intensity estimates are transitioning from subjective to objective methods, and new instruments on the next generation of NOAA low-earth orbiting and geostationary satellites hold promise for continued improvement in satellite analysis of tropical cyclones.
KeywordsTropical Cyclone Tropical Rainfall Measure Mission Tropical Cyclone Activity Tropical Cyclone Intensity Warm Core
- Dvorak VF (1984) Tropical cyclone intensity analysis using satellite data. NOAA Tech. Rep. NESDIS11, p 47 [Available from NOAA/NESDIS, 5200 Auth Rd., Washington, DC 20233.]Google Scholar
- Herndon DC, et al (2010) The CIMSS satellite consensus (SATCON) tropical cyclone intensity algorithm. 29th conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Tuscon, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 4d.4. [Available online at http://ams.confex.con/ams/29Hurricanes/techprogram/paper_167959.htm.]
- Kossin JP, Camargo SJ, Sitkowski M (2010) Climate modulation of North Atlantic hurricane tracks. Am Meteorol Soc J Clim 23:3057–3076Google Scholar
- Olander T, Velden CS, Kossin J (2004) The advanced objective Dvorak technique (AODT): latest upgrades and future directions. In: Proceedings 26th AMS hurricane and tropical meteorology conference, Miami, FL, Amer Meteor Soc P1.19Google Scholar
- Zehr R (1989) Improving objective satellite estimates of tropical cyclone intensity. Preprints, 18th conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, San Diego, Amer. Meteor. Soc., J25–J28Google Scholar