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Effects of Climate and Extreme Events on Wildfire Regime and Their Ecological Impacts

  • Beatriz DuguyEmail author
  • Susana Paula
  • Juli G. Pausas
  • Josè Antonio Alloza
  • Teresa Gimeno
  • Ramon V. Vallejo
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 51)

Abstract

Fire regime has been affected by climate changes in the past, and is expected to do so in relation to the projected climate warming in the near future. For the Mediterranean Basin, higher fire risk, longer fire season, and more frequent large, severe fires are expected. The projected increased drought for the Mediterranean Basin would make ecosystems more vulnerable to fire, and more difficult to restore after fire. Ecosystem vulnerability is assessed considering soil susceptibility to post-fire erosion, and vegetation capacity to recover after fire.

In the perspective of a more severe fire regime and harsher climate, two main strategies are proposed: (1) mitigation strategies to reduce fire impacts; and (2) adaptation strategies to improve ecosystems capacity to cope with the new climate and fire regime. The focus of adaptation will be on strategies for vegetation management to reduce fire hazard, and increase ecosystem resilience, especially in highly vulnerable areas.

Restoration techniques are proposed to increase ecosystem resilience to fire by using resprouting woody species, and by increasing the diversity of species in post-fire afforestation/reforestation projects. To face increased drought, several techniques to improve water availability and water use efficiency for introduced seedling are discussed.

Finally, the landscape dimension of fire prevention and restoration is addressed through a spatial decision support system, including a fire propagation model combined with an ecosystem vulnerability model in GIS format. The system allows assessing fire risk, identifying values at risk, and prioritizing fire prevention and post-fire restoration actions.

Keywords

Fire regime Vulnerability Fire resilience Plantations Fire modeling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This chapter has been developed from research conducted under the CIRCE EC FP6 project (ref. 036961), GRACCIE, Spanish Consolider INGENIO 2010 (CSD2007-7), FEEDBACKS, Generalitat Valenciana PROMETEO/2009/006, and FIREMAP (MCyT). CEAM is funded by the Generalitat Valenciana and BANCAJA.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Duguy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Susana Paula
    • 1
  • Juli G. Pausas
    • 3
  • Josè Antonio Alloza
    • 1
  • Teresa Gimeno
    • 1
  • Ramon V. Vallejo
    • 1
  1. 1.Fundacion Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo, CEAMValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento Biologia VegetalUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Centro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificación, CIDE-CSICValenciaSpain

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