Recovery from Work During Off-Job Time

  • Sabine A. E. Geurts


Recovery from work is crucial to protect employee health and well-being. This chapter aims at illuminating the processes underlying recovery from work, focusing on recovery during off-job time. First, I present theoretical arguments and empirical evidence that recovery from work is a process of unwinding that is the opposite of psychophysiological activation during effort expenditure under demanding and stressful conditions. Next, I discuss cognitive, affective, and behavioral processes that influence recovery from work either negatively or positively. With regard to recovery-hampering processes, stressor-related thoughts, negative affective states, and prolonged exposure to work or similar demands are discussed. With regard to recovery-promoting processes, psychological detachment from work, positive affective states, and active leisure and behavioral control are considered. Based on this overview of recovery research, a number of directions for future research are suggested.


Effort Stress Perseverative cognition Affect Overtime Psychological detachment Leisure activities Control 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine A. E. Geurts
    • 1
  1. 1.Behavioural Science InstituteRadboud University NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands

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