Limits to Phototrophic Growth in Dense Culture: CO2 Supply and Light

  • John Beardall
  • John A. Raven
Part of the Developments in Applied Phycology book series (DAPH, volume 5)


While a range of technologies for algal growth have been put forward, including open ponds and a range of photobioreactor designs, there remain however some fundamental constraints on algal growth that potentially limit the growth rates and/or yield of algal and cyanobacterial cultures, irrespective of the technological approach. Some of these represent intrinsic features of the biology of autotrophic cells while others relate to extrinsic (environmental) factors that potentially limit performance. In this chapter we assess some of the intrinsic constraints on photoautotrophic growth. We then specifically consider the two most important environmental factors that can potentially limit performance of photoautotrophic cells in dense culture – light and CO2 supply.


Dissolve Inorganic Carbon Dense Culture Dissolve Inorganic Carbon Concentration Areal Productivity Anabaena Variabilis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Acknowle dgements

The University of Dundee is a registered Scottish charity, No SC015096. John Beardall’s work on microalgal physiology and inorganic carbon acquisition is supported by the Australian Research Council.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  2. 2.Division of Plant Sciences, The James Hutton InstituteUniversity of Dundee at the JHIInvergowrieUK

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