Biodiesel Production from Microalgae: A Mapping of Articles and Patents

  • Angela Machado Rocha
  • Dinabandhu Sahoo
  • Tiago Ferrer
  • Cristina Quintella
  • Ednildo Torres
Chapter
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 25)

Abstract

Global concern about climate change and the increasing demand for energy have drawn the attention of scientists, policymakers, and various other stakeholders to look for alternative sources of clean and renewable energy, especially transportation fuel. Biodiesel currently produced from vegetable oils and animal fats has been found to be an ideal blending material and replacement for diesel as it is compatible with existing diesel engines, reduces tailpipe emissions, and is biodegradable. However, the increasing conversion of food crops for the biofuel production has caused a food versus fuel debate. One solution suggested has been the use of microalgae because they can accumulate large amount of lipids inside their cells and have high biomass productivity. A typical algal culture system can generate 150–400 barrels of oil per acre per year which is 30 times more than traditional oil seed crops. Algae have several advantages. They can be grown on abandoned or unproductive land using sea water, brackish, or waste water. Furthermore, it is environmentally friendly as it alleviates acidification of the ocean and can be cultivated on a large scale. In recent years, a large number of algal species have been screened and studied for their potential as feedstock for biodiesel production. Some microalgal species such as Botryococcus braunii, Chlorella sp., Scenedesmus sp., and Chlorococcum sp. have shown great potential for biodiesel production. A large number of papers have been published, and several patents have been filed in the field of algal biodiesel production. This chapter analyzes the past developments and current status of research in biodiesel production from microalgae. It aims to evaluate the perspectives of the research related to algal biodiesel, analyzing the patents and scientific articles published in this field. For this study, we used VantagePoint v7, a powerful text-mining tool, to extract results from patent databases and academic publications which will be very useful for further study.

Keywords

International Patent Classification Microalgal Species Algal Biofuel Main Inventor Patent Database 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

 References

  1. Ahmad AL, Yasin NHM, Derek CJC, Lim JK (2011) Microalgae as a sustainable energy source of biodiesel production: a review. Renew Sust Energy Rev 15:584–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Belarbi EH, Molina GE, Chisti Y (2000) A process for high yield and scalable recovery of high purity eicosapentaenoic acid esters from microalgae and fish oil. Enzyme Microb Technol 26:516–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chisti Y (2007) Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnol Adv 25:294–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Demirbas A (2009) A future energy sources: part 1. Future Energy Source 1:1–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gray PHE, Meister DB (2006) Knowledge sourcing methods. Inf Manage 43(2):142–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lim S, Teong LK (2010) Recent trends, opportunities and challenges of biodiesel in Malaysia: an overview. Renew Sust Energy Rev 14:938–954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Porter AL, Cunningham SW (2005) Tech mining: exploiting new technologies for competitive advantage. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  8. Quintella CM, Teixeira LSG, Korn MGA, Costa Neto PR, Torres EA, Castro MP, Jesus CAC (2009a) Cadeia do biodiesel da bancada à indústria: uma visão geral com prospecção de tarefas e oportunidades para P&D&I. Química Nova 32:793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Quintella CM, Costa Neto PR, Cruz RS, Almeida Neto JA, Miyazaki SF, Castro MP (2009b) Prospecção Tecnológica do Biodiesel no Estado da Bahia: panorama Atual e Perspectivas na Geração e Apropriação de Conhecimento. Bahia Análise Dados 18:581Google Scholar
  10. Renewables (2011) REN 21. Global status report. Version 2.0 | 07/2011. Paris REN 21 Secretary. pp 115Google Scholar
  11. Sahoo D (2010) Algae biofuel will take over Jatropha soon. Biospectrum 8(12):74–75Google Scholar
  12. Sahoo D, Elangbam G, Devi SS (2012) Using algae for carbon dioxide capture and biofuel production to combat climate change. Phykos 42(1):32–38Google Scholar
  13. Schenk PM, Thomas-Hall SR, Stephens E, Marx UC, Mussgnug JH, Posten C, Kruse O, Hankamer B (2008) Second generation biofuels: high-efficiency microalgae for biodiesel production. Bioenerg Res 1:20–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. WIPO (2000) www.wipo.int.>. European Patent Office. 2012. http://www.epo.org
  15. World Energy Outlook (2011) IEA-International Energy Agency. Paris, p. 660Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Machado Rocha
    • 1
  • Dinabandhu Sahoo
    • 2
  • Tiago Ferrer
    • 1
  • Cristina Quintella
    • 1
  • Ednildo Torres
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de Química—LablaserFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  2. 2.Marine Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Escola Politécnica- Laboratório de Energia e Gás. FederaçãoFederal University of Bahia, FederaçãoSalvadorBrazil

Personalised recommendations