Nuclear PI-PLC β1 and Myelodysplastic Syndromes: From Bench to Clinics

  • Sara Mongiorgi
  • Matilde Y. Follo
  • Cristina Clissa
  • Roberto Giardino
  • Milena Fini
  • Lucia Manzoli
  • Giulia Ramazzotti
  • Roberta Fiume
  • Carlo Finelli
  • Lucio Cocco
Chapter
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 362)

Abstract

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), clonal hematopoietic stem-cell disorders mainly affecting older adult patients, show ineffective hematopoiesis in one or more of the lineages of the bone marrow. A number of MDS progresses to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with the involvement of genetic and epigenetic mechanisms affecting PI-PLC β1. The molecular mechanisms underlying the MDS evolution to AML are still unclear, even though it is now clear that the nuclear signaling elicited by PI-PLC β1, Cyclin D3, and Akt plays an important role in the control of the balance between cell cycle progression and apoptosis in both normal and pathologic conditions. Moreover, a correlation between other PI-PLCs, such as PI-PLC β3, kinases and phosphatases has been postulated in MDS pathogenesis. Here, we review the findings hinting at the role of nuclear lipid signaling pathways in MDS, which could become promising therapeutic targets.

Keywords

Acute Myeloid Leukemia JAK2 V617F47 International Prognostic Scoring System DNMT Inhibitor Epigenetic Therapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Italian MIUR-FIRB (Human Proteome Net and Accordi di Programma 2010), Italian MIUR PRIN and Celgene Corp.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara Mongiorgi
    • 1
  • Matilde Y. Follo
    • 1
  • Cristina Clissa
    • 2
  • Roberto Giardino
    • 3
  • Milena Fini
    • 3
  • Lucia Manzoli
    • 1
  • Giulia Ramazzotti
    • 1
  • Roberta Fiume
    • 1
  • Carlo Finelli
    • 2
  • Lucio Cocco
    • 1
  1. 1.Cellular Signalling Laboratory, Department of Human Anatomical SciencesUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology L. e A. SeràgnoliUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Laboratory of Preclinical and Surgical StudiesRizzoli Orthopedic InstituteBolognaItaly

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