Caves and Karst Hydrogeology of the Mariana Islands

  • Kevin W. Stafford
  • Danko Taboroši
  • John J. Jenson
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 5)

Abstract

The Mariana Islands contain a complex and diverse assemblage of karst features associated with the eastern paleo-volcanic arc chain of the Mariana Ridge, including the islands of Guam, Rota, Aguijan, Tinian, Saipan and Farallon de Medinilla. Karst is dominated by flank margin cave development; however, fracture caves and contact caves are significant features throughout the region. Research in the Mariana Islands resulted in the development of the Complex Island component of the Carbonate Island Karst Model (CIKM) and was instrumental in the recognition of island aquifer compartmentalization as a result of differential tectonism and subsidence, as well as syndeposition of both carbonate and volcanic facies. Karst resources throughout the Marianas have been heavily utilized throughout history as water supplies and sites of habitation, refuge, defense and spirituality. Today, karst resources continue to play and important role in the lives of people throughout the Mariana Islands, both as groundwater and cultural resources.

Keywords

Saltwater Intrusion Freshwater Lens Karst Development Mariana Island Continental Setting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin W. Stafford
    • 1
  • Danko Taboroši
    • 2
    • 3
  • John J. Jenson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeologyStephen F. Austin State UniversityNacogdochesUSA
  2. 2.Island Research and Education InitiativePalikir, PohnpeiUSA
  3. 3.Water and Environmental Research Institute of the Western PacificUniversity of GuamMangilaoUSA

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