Optimistic Attributional Style and Parental Behaviour in the Educational Framework: A Cross-Cultural Perspective

  • Loredana Ruxandra GherasimEmail author
  • Simona Butnaru
  • Alin Gavreliuc
  • Luminita Mihaela Iacob
Part of the Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology book series (CAPP, volume 3)


This study examined, from a cross-cultural perspective, the impact of optimistic attributional style and perception of parental behaviour on two educational outcomes: school performance and depression. The effects of ethnic and/or regional differences on these relationships were examined. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents (94 Hungarian and 128 Romanian adolescents from Banat and 127 Romanian adolescents from Moldova) were surveyed. The results indicated both similarities and differences between the ethnic and regional groups. Parental control was a significant predictor of the adolescents’ depression and performance, but it did not moderate the relationship between the optimistic attributional style and the adolescents’ outcomes. The effects of optimistic attributional style and parental acceptance were moderated by the ethnic/regional group. The results indicated that the predictors of depression and achievement varied more depending on the region criterion than the ethnic one. Ethnic differences stand out only when combined with regional differences. The educational implications of these results are discussed.


Depressive Symptom Parental Behaviour Parental Control Psychological Control Attributional Style 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by CNCSIS-UEFISCDI, Project number 849 PNII_IDEI 2026/2008.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Loredana Ruxandra Gherasim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Simona Butnaru
    • 1
  • Alin Gavreliuc
    • 2
  • Luminita Mihaela Iacob
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Psychology and Educational SciencesAlexandru Ioan Cuza UniversityIaşiRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Sociology and PsychologyWest University of TimisoaraTimisoaraRomania

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