Volcanic Emissions and Health

Chapter

Abstract

Volcanoes provide a conduit by which magma—the molten rock, gases, and water within the earth—may interact with human biological systems (Fig. 10.1). Because of the range of materials that are ejected during eruptions, the consequent effects on human health are diverse. Contact may occur dramatically and immediately for people living close to the vent, such as from pyroclastic density currents or the emission of large projectiles. Alternatively, effects on health may occur slowly or at great distances from the volcano as a result of dispersal of volcanic material such as ash and aerosols.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Weinstein
    • 1
  • Claire J. Horwell
    • 2
  • Angus Cook
    • 3
  1. 1.Barbara Hardy InstituteUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Institute of Hazard, Risk and Resilience, Department of Earth SciencesDurham UniversityDurhamUK
  3. 3.School of Population HealthUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

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