On the Dialectical Condition of the Purity of Poetry, Love and Madness in Tarkovsky’s Homesickness
This dissertation has five sections and a colophon. In the first section, we define the concept of purity as the symbol of a would-be metaphysical transcendence that has to be preserved through the becoming of immediacy, which implies by principle a dialectical conception of existence; from this perspective, purity means an absolute value that demands the sacrifice of desire and welfare so as to safeguard the link with transcendence, which has one way or another been the main aim of philosophical and intellectual tradition. In the second section, we show that purity is the kernel of homesickness insofar as the latter supposes an original identification of the mother country or rather the socio-historical ground and man that has been however belied through Modernity because the latter has broken with that, which Tarkovsky for his part criticizes in the film hereinabove mentioned on setting out the impossibility of an original artistic creation and of a truly vivifying love experience in a time when man has not a personal identification with tradition, which leads in an almost ineluctable way to madness. In the third section, we analyze more concretely how poetry becomes meaningless when every value is reduced to the arbitrary subjectivism that has pervaded contemporary culture and has bereft language of its essential symbolical function. In the fourth section, we do the same concerning love, which is impossible to requite when it is experienced either as the recurrent remembrance of an irretrievable bliss or as the thwarted fulfilment of an illusion that none can share. In the fifth section, we make out that the sole outcome of all that is a terrible madness that tries to make up for the vital senselessness through the immolation of the individual for the sake of a universal redemption of the humanity that Modernity is supposed to have passed over. In the colophon, we reflect on the final unity of this with the dramatic development of the film.