Climate Change, Migration, and Development

Chapter
Part of the Global Migration Issues book series (IOMS, volume 1)

Abstract

Climate change is relatively new to the international discourse on migration and development. The impacts of climate change on migration have been variously debated for almost 20 years now, but there continues to be insufficiently informed debate on the links with development, both as cause and effect. The chapter reviews current knowledge and discussion about how climate change may affect migration and the implications of this for adaptation, development, and immigration policies. The chapter draws on the discussions at the Global Forum on Migration and Development in Puerto Vallarta and the UN Framework Convention for Climate Change summit in Cancun, as they pertain to the interconnections between climate change and migration. The chapter makes recommendations to policy makers in the migration and development fields for specific actions to ensure in-depth qualitative and quantitative research in specific hot spots, dialogue and exchange on good practices, participatory policy planning, the involvement of affected communities in human mobility solutions, and proactive adaptation strategies that deal with migration potentials and impacts in development-sensitive ways.

Keywords

Climate Change Immigration Policy Disaster Risk Reduction Destination Country Environmental Disaster 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Brown, O. (2008). Migration and climate change (Migration Research Series, Vol. 31). Geneva: International Organization for Migration.Google Scholar
  2. Cernea, M. (2000). Risks, safeguards and reconstruction: a model for population displacement and resettlement. In M. Cernea & C. McDowell (Eds.), Risks and reconstruction: Experiences of resettlers and refugees. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Collinson, S. (2010). Developing adequate humanitarian responses [Background Papers of the Study Team on Climate Change and Migration]. Washington, DC: German Marshall Fund of the United States.Google Scholar
  4. Copenhagen Accord. (2009). Following the United Nations Climate Change Conference. Retrieved December 2009 from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/cop15/eng/l07.pdf
  5. Corlett, D. (2010). Stormy weather: The challenges of climate change and displacement. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.Google Scholar
  6. Federal Register. (2004, July 6, Tuesday). Termination of the designation of Montserrat under the Temporary Protected Status Program; extension of employment authorization documentation. Federal Register, 69(128). Google Scholar
  7. Global Forum on Migration and Development. (2010, November 8–11). Partnerships for migration and human development: Shared prosperity–shared responsibility: Report of the Proceedings. Fourth Meeting of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD), Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. Retrieved from http://gfmd.org/en/documents-library/mexico-2010.html
  8. Global Migration Group. (2010). Mainstreaming migration into development planning: A handbook for policy-makers and practitioners. Geneva: GMG.Google Scholar
  9. Hodgkinson, D., Burton, T., Anderson, H., & Young, L. (2010). ‘The hour when the ship comes in: A convention for persons displaced by climate change. Retrieved from http://www.ccdpconvention.com/documents/CCDP_Convention_Summary.pdf
  10. Hugo, G. (2008). Migration, development and environment (Migration Research Series, Vol. 35). Geneva: International Organization for Migration.Google Scholar
  11. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2007). Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability (IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Working Group II Report). Geneva: IPCC, Appendix 1, “Glossary” p. 869. Retrieved from http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ar4-wg2-app.pdf
  12. International Labour Organization (ILO). (2007). Green jobs: Facing up toan inconvenient truth’ (World of Work No. 60). Retrieved September 26, 2011 from http://www.ilo.org/wow/Articles/lang--en/WCMS_083900/index.htm
  13. Jäger, J., Frühmann, J., Günberger, S., & Vag, A. (2009, May 14). Environmental change and forced migration scenarios (Project synthesis report, 2009, deliverable 044468). Retrieved September 26, 2011 from http://www.each-for.eu/documents/EACH-FOR_Synthesis_Report_090515.pdf
  14. Kniveton, D., Schmidt-Verkerk, K., Smith, C., & Black, R. (2008). Climate change and migration: Improving methodologies to estimate flows (Migration Research Series, Vol. 33). Geneva: International Organization for Migration.Google Scholar
  15. Kolmannskog, V. (2009a). Climate change, disaster, displacement, and migration: Initial evidence from Africa (UNHCR Research Paper, Vol. 180). Geneva: UNHCR.Google Scholar
  16. Kolmannskog, V. (2009b, January). Climate change-related displacement and the European response. Paper presented at the Society for International Development (SID), Vijverberg Session on Climate Change and Migration, The Hague.Google Scholar
  17. Laczko, F., & Aghazarm, C. (Eds.). (2009). Migration, environment and climate change: Assessing the evidence. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.Google Scholar
  18. Leighton, M. (2010). Climate change and migration: Key issues for legal protection of migrants and displaced persons. Washington, DC: German Marshall Fund of the United States.Google Scholar
  19. Martin, S. (2009). Managing environmentally induced migration. In F. Laczko & C. Aghazarm (Eds.), Migration, environment and climate change: Assessing the evidence. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.Google Scholar
  20. Martin, P. (2010). Climate change, agricultural development and migration (Background Papers of the Study Team on Climate Change and Migration). Washington, DC: German Marshall Fund of the United States.Google Scholar
  21. Martin, S. (2010a). Climate change and international migration. Washington, DC: German Marshall Fund of the United States.Google Scholar
  22. Martin, S. (2010b, February). Jalisco and Zacatecas study tour report. Unpublished report available from the Institute for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University.Google Scholar
  23. Martin, P. & Collinson, S. (2010, March). Bangladesh study tour report. Unpublished report available from the Institute for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University.Google Scholar
  24. McAdam, J. (2011, March 29–30). Climate change, displacement and the role of international law and policy. Paper prepared for the International Dialogue on Migration 2011. The Future of Migration: Building Capacities for Change Intersessional Workshop on Climate Change, Environmental Degradation and Migration. Retrieved September 26, 2011 from http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/shared/shared/mainsite/microsites/IDM/workshops/climate-change-2011/SessionIII-Paper-McAdam-Session.pdf
  25. Morton, A., Boncour, P., & Laczko, F. (2008). Human security policy challenges: Climate change and displacement. Forced Migration Review, 31, 5–7.Google Scholar
  26. Piguet, É., Pécoud, A., & de Guchteneire, P. (2011). Migration and climate change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Raleigh, C., Jordan, L., & Salehyan, I. (2008). Assessing the impact of climate change on migration and conflict. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  28. Renaud, F., Bogardi, J., Dun, O., & Warner, K. (2007). Control, adapt or flee how to face environmental migration? Bonn: United Nations University.Google Scholar
  29. Robinson, C. (2003). Risks and rights: Causes, consequences, and challenges of development-induced displacement. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  30. UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). (2009). Terminology on disaster risk reduction. Retrieved from www.unisdr.org/eng/terminology/terminology-2009-eng.html
  31. UNHCR. (2009). Statelessness: An analytical framework for prevention, reduction and protection. Geneva: UNHCR.Google Scholar
  32. Warner, K. (2010, February). Senegal study tour report. Unpublished report available from the Institute for the Study of International Migration, Georgetown University.Google Scholar
  33. White, G. (2011). Climate change and migration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for the Study of International MigrationGeorgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Environmental Migration, Social Vulnerability and AdaptationUnited Nations UniversityBonnGermany

Personalised recommendations