A Model of Self-regulation and Social Integration of Drug Subcultures

  • Anke Stallwitz
Chapter

Abstract

In Part III, analyses have been presented of the internal structures of heroin scenes in a German and a Dutch city and a Swedish town; the formations and transitions of British heroin markets; the trajectories of New York heroin scenes; the British, Scottish, and Shetland heroin trend; and the evolution of drug eras. The specific relevance of these analyses regarding the situation in the Shetland heroin scene has in each case been illustrated and the respective conclusions regarding the present study have been explicated. On this basis, inferences can be deduced which are universally applicable to drug cultures of both occasional and/or habitual users in rural and urban settings.

Keywords

Drug User Social Integration Drug Policy Internal Balance Drug Scene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Curtis, R. (2003). Crack, cocaine and heroin: Drug Eras in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, 1960–2000. Addiction Research and Theory, 11(1), 47–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. EMCDDA. (2009a). Drug situation. Country overview: Netherlands.Lisbon: EMCDDA. Retrieved July 02, 2009, from http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/country-overviews/nl
  3. EMCDDA. (2009b). Drug situation. Country overview: United Kingdom.Lisbon: EMCDDA. Retrieved July 02, 2009, from http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/country-overviews/uk#headersection
  4. GK Quest Akademie. (2009). Erste Ergebnisse.Retrieved July 11, 2009, from http://www.kiss-heidelberg.de/kiss-heidelberg/de/6/3/hintergrund/ergebnisse.aspx
  5. Golub, A., Johnson, B. D., & Dunlap, E. (2005). Subcultural evolution and illicit drug use. Addiction Research & Theory, 13(3), 217–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grund, J.-P. C. (1993). Drug use as a social ritual: Functionality, symbolism and determinants of self-regulation. Rotterdam: IVO Reeks.Google Scholar
  7. Higgins, K., & McElrath, K. (2000). The trouble with peace: The cease-fires and their impact on drug use among youth in Northern Ireland. Youth Society, 32, 29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Miller, W., & Rollnick, S. (2002). Motivational interviewing. Preparing people for change. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  9. Spunt, B. (2003). The current New York City heroin scene. Substance Use & Misuse, 38(10), 1539–1549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Young, J. (1971). The drugtakers. The social meaning of drug use. London: Cox & Wyman Ltd.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anke Stallwitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Evangelische Hochschule Freiburg (Protestant University of Applied Sciences Freiburg)FreiburgGermany

Personalised recommendations