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Reef Fish and Fisheries in the Gulf

  • Edwin Grandcourt
Chapter
Part of the Coral Reefs of the World book series (CORW, volume 3)

Abstract

The waters of the Gulf are characterized by extreme temperature (11.5–36°C) and salinity (37–50‰) ranges which are likely to at least periodically approach or exceed the tolerance limits of many reef fish species (Coles 1988; Coles and Tarr 1990). The narrow Strait of Hormuz constrains the influx of larvae from adjacent seas which also limits species diversity. Whilst the Gulf is a relatively young sea that originated about 16,000 BP, the sea surface did not reach its current level until around 6,000 BP during the Holocene (Sheppard et al. 1992). The present day fish fauna was thus established by the penetration of species from the Indian Ocean through the Gulf of Oman and Strait of Hormuz (Beech 2004). Its small size, limited habitat types and restricted depth also constrain faunal diversity, which is particularly apparent among the families of reef fishes (Randall 1995; Bishop 2003). Consequently, many major shallow water taxonomic groups that are prevalent at similar latitudes throughout the Indo-Pacific and adjacent waters are completely lacking in the area and there are few endemics, with only 16 species of fishes known to occur uniquely within the Gulf (Coles and Tarr 1990; Randall 1995; Carpenter et al. 1997).

Keywords

Coral Reef Reef Fish Marine Protected Area Fishing Gear Orange Spotted Grouper 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environment Agency-Abu DhabiAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates

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