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Flows of Faith pp 161-181 | Cite as

Circulating Matters of Belief: Engendering Marian Movements during the Bougainville Crisis

  • Anna-Karina Hermkens
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the circulation and appropriation of transnational Marian objects and beliefs during the Bougainville conflict (1989-1999). I show how circulation drove the formation of new religious movements, and how ritual elements were appropriated into secessionist protests and practices of resistance, as well as in local peace efforts. By following these paths of circulation, the fluidity of religious beliefs across boundaries of nation state and community come to the fore, providing insight into how the appropriation of religious objects informs both nationalism and communitas.

Keywords

Bougainville confict religious beliefs new religious movements Marian Movements nationalism and communitas 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research on which this article is based was made possible by the research program “The Power of Marian Pilgrimage: A Comparative Study” at the Radboud University Nijmegen and the financial support from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO VENI grant 275-98-001).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Radboud University NijmegenNijmegenNetherlands
  2. 2.the Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia

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