Privacy Self-regulation Through Awareness?

A Critical Investigation into the Market Structure of the Security Field
Chapter

Abstract

The security field can be used as a burning lens to focus particular problems when it comes to the self-regulation of privacy: while the industry certainly represents a particular case when it comes to actor relationships, our analysis shows which questions need to be asked in order to understand existing structures and obstacles to privacy protection. The chapter is based on outcomes of recent research of the PATS project (Privacy Awareness Through Security Organisation Branding), including analysis of literature, websites, brochures and expert interviews. We argue that powerful obstacles lie in market structures that are obscure rather than provide incentives for self-regulation. These findings inform further thought about an Accountability principle with regard to the governance of privacy in different industries dealing with (personal) data. It is not enough to look at legal provisions and privacy statements when we want to assess the state of “health” of privacy and data protection in the EU—we need a thorough examination of the patient.

Keywords

Accountability Security organisations Privacy awareness Self-regulation Security field Security market 

References

  1. von Arnim, Andreas. 1999. Private security companies and internal security in Europe. In Recht und Organisation privater Sicherheitsdienste in Europa, ed. Reinhard Ottens, Harald Olschok, and Stephan Landrock, 61–112. Stuttgart: R. Boorberg.Google Scholar
  2. Article 29 Working Party. 2010. Opinion 3/2010 on the principle of accountability. Brussels: Article 29 Working Party. http://ec.europa.eu/justice/policies/privacy/docs/wpdocs/2010/wp173_en.pdf. Accessed 28 July 2011.Google Scholar
  3. Bennett, Colin J., and Charles D. Raab. 2006. The governance of privacy: Policy instruments in global perspective. 2nd and updated ed. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bukow, Sebastian. 2005a. Deutschland: Mit Sicherheit weniger Freiheit über den Umweg Europa. In Europäisierung der inneren Sicherheit, ed. Gert-Joachim Glaeßner and Astrid Lorenz, 43–62. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bukow, Sebastian. 2005b. Internal security and the fight against terrorism in Germany. Philosophische Fakultät III Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Humboldt Universität Berlin. http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/oa/conferences/reZgVweZSLueU/PDF/27QEOto3iuZCs.pdf. Accessed 30 July 2011.Google Scholar
  6. Busch, Heiner. 2008. Kein Mangel an Sicherheitsgesetzen. FriedensForum. http://www.friedenskooperative.de/ff/ff08/6–61.htm. Accessed 30 July 2011.Google Scholar
  7. Buzan, Barry, Ole Waever, and Jaap de Wilde. 1998. Security: A new framework for analysis. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
  8. Edwards, Paul. 1996. The closed world: Computers and the politics of discourse in Cold War America. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  9. European Commission. 2010. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social committee and the Committee of the Regions—A comprehensive approach on personal data protection in the European Union. Brussels: European Commission. http://ec.europa.eu/health/data_collection/docs/com_2010_0609_en.pdf. Accessed 20 July 2011.Google Scholar
  10. Feltes, Thomas. 2009. Akteure der Inneren Sicherheit: Vom Öffentlichen zum Privaten. In Auf der Suche nach neuer Sicherheit: Fakten, Theorien und Folgen. 2nd ed., ed. Hans-Jürgen Lange, H. Peter Ohly, and Jo Reichertz, 101–109. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  11. Heinrich, Stephan, und Hans-Jürgen Lange. 2009. Erweiterung des Sicherheitsbegriffs. In Auf der Suche nach neuer Sicherheit: Fakten, Theorien und Folgen, ed. Hans-Jürgen Lange, H. Peter Ohly, und Jo Reichertz, 253–268. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  12. Isensee, Josef. 1983. Das Grundrecht auf Sicherheit. Zu den Schutzpflichten des freiheitlichen Verfassungsstaates. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  13. Lange, Hans-Jürgen, H. Peter Ohly, and Jo Reichertz. 2009. Auf der Suche nach neuer Sicherheit: Fakten, Theorien und Folgen. 2nd ed. VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  14. Lange, Hans-Jürgen, und H. Peter Frevel. 2009. Innere Sicherheit im Bund, in den Ländern und inden Kommunen. In Auf der Suche nach neuer Sicherheit: Fakten, Theorien und Folgen, ed. Hans-Jürgen Lange, H. Peter Ohly, und Jo Reichertz, 116–148. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  15. Lyon, David. 2006. 9/11, synopticon, and scopophilia: Watching and being watched. In The new politics of surveillance and visibility, ed. Haggerty, Kevin. D. and Ricard V. Ericson. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  16. Morlok, Martin, and Julian Krüper. 2009. Sicherheitsgewährleistung im kooperativen Verfassungsstaat. In Auf der Suche nach neuer Sicherheit: Fakten, Theorien und Folgen, ed. Hans-Jürgen Lange, H. Peter Ohly, und Jo Reichertz, 331–342. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  17. Newburn, Tim. 2001. The commodification of policing: Security networks in the late modern city. Urban Studies 38:829–848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Singelnstein, Tobias, and Peer Stolle. 2006. Die Sicherheitsgesellschaft. Soziale Kontrolle im 21. Jahrhundert. VS Verlag.Google Scholar
  19. Zanini, Michele, and Sean J. A. Edwards. 2001. The networking of terror in the information age. In Networks and netwars: The future of terror, crime, and militancy, ed. John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt, 29–60. Santa Monica: Rand.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Technology and Society (ZTG)Technische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations