Emission control strategies for short-chain chloroparaffins in two semi-hypothetical case cities

  • Eva Eriksson
  • Mike Revitt
  • Hans-Christian Holten-Lützhøft
  • Christophe Viavattene
  • Lian Scholes
  • Peter Steen Mikkelsen
Conference paper
Part of the Alliance for Global Sustainability Bookseries book series (AGSB, volume 19)

Abstract

The short-chain chloroparaffins (SCCP), (C10-13 chloroalkanes) are identified in the European Water Framework Directive, as priority hazardous substances. Within the ScorePP project, the aim is to develop emission control strategies that can be employed to reduce emissions from urban areas into receiving waters. Six different scenarios for mitigating SCCP emissions in two different semi-hypothetical case cities representing eastern inland and northern coastal conditions have been evaluated. The analysis, associated with scenario uncertainty, indicates that the EU legislation, Best Available Technologies (BAT) and stormwater/CSO management were the most favorable in reducing emissions into the environment.

Keywords

European Water Framework Directive Combine Sewer Overflow Substance Flow Analysis Urban Source Voluntary Initiative 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    European Commission (2008) Directive 2008/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on environmental quality standards in the field of water policy, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directives 82/176/EEC, 83/513/EEC, 84/156/EEC, 84/491/EEC, 86/280/EEC and amending Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    European Commission (2000) Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    European Chemicals Bureau (2000) European Union Risk Assessment Report alkanes, C10-13, chloro CAS No.: 85535-84-8 EINECS No.: 287–476. 1st Priority List, Volume 4. European Commission, EUR 19010 EN.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wickman T, Lecloux A, Scholes L (2009) Voluntary Initiatives for Reducing the Use of Priority Pollutant Containing Products. Deliverable No. D4.4, ScorePP.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Seriki K., Gasperi J., Castillo L., Scholes L., Eriksson L., Revitt M., Meinhold J., Atanasova N. (2008) Priority pollutants behaviour in end of pipe wastewater treatment plants. Deliverable No. D5.4, ScorePP.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Eriksson E., Donner E., Raggatt L., Pettersson M., Wickman T., Mikkelsen P.S. (2009) Strategies for Controlling Emissions of Priority Pollutants from Case City Archetypes. WEFTEC Conference, Orlando, USA, 2009-10-14.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Revitt M., Scholes L.. Donner E. (2009) Priority pollutant behaviour in onsite treatment systems for industrial wastewater. Deliverable No. D5.3 ScorePP.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Friesen K.J., El-Morsi T.M., Abd-El-Aziz A.S. (2004) Photochemical oxidation of short-chain polychlorinated n-alkane mixtures using H2O2/UV and the photo-Fenton reaction, International Journal of Photoenergy, 6(2), 81–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Scholes L., Revitt M., Gasperi J., Donner E. (2007) Priority pollutant behaviour in stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs). Deliverable No. D5.1, ScorePP.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ECHA (2008) Alkanes, C10–13, chloro. SVHC SUPPORT DOCUMENT.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Omori T., Kimura T., Kodama T. (1987) Bacterial cometabolic degradation of chlorinated paraffins. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 25:553–557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    de Haes U., Heijungs H.R., Huppes G., van der Voet E., Hettelingh J. (2000) Full Mode and Attribution Mode in Environmental Analysis. J. Industrial Ecology 4(1): 45–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Holten Lützhøft H.C., Eriksson E., Donner E., Wickman T., Banovec P., Mikkelsen P.S., Ledin A. (2009) Quantifying releases of priority pollutants from urban sources. WEFTEC Conference, Orlando, USA, 2009-10-14.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fridén U., McLachlan M. (2007) Substansflödesanalys av klorparaffiner i Stockholms stad 2004. Nya gifter – nya verktyg, ISSN: 1653–9168.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sternbeck J., Brorström-Lundén E., Remberger M., Kaj L., Palm A., Junedahl E., Cato I. (2003) WFD Priority substances in sediments from Stockholm and the Svealand coastal region. IWL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, No. B1538.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Eriksson
    • 1
  • Mike Revitt
    • 2
  • Hans-Christian Holten-Lützhøft
    • 1
  • Christophe Viavattene
    • 2
  • Lian Scholes
    • 2
  • Peter Steen Mikkelsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.Middlesex UniversityLondonUK

Personalised recommendations