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Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: Neural Stem/Progenitor Cell Transplantation

  • Pedro Moreno Pimentel-CoelhoEmail author
  • Rosalia Mendez-Otero
Chapter
Part of the Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells book series (STEM, volume 3)

Abstract

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the most important causes of long-term neurological sequels in term and late preterm infants. Currently, although therapeutic hypothermia is becoming a standard therapy for HIE, modestly improving the outcome of the treated children, new treatments that might increase the benefits provided by this therapy are sorely needed. Neural stem/progenitor cell (NSPC) transplantation represents a promising option for the treatment of several neurological disorders, combining different mechanisms of action in the brain, including neuroprotection, immunomodulation and neuronal replacement. In this chapter we will discuss preclinical studies that have assessed the potential of endogenous and transplanted NSPC to migrate to damaged areas in the hypoxic-ischemic brain, differentiating into neural cells and improving cognitive and motor functions. Translational aspects of NSCP transplantation in HIE will also be discussed.

Keywords

HIE NSPC Transplantation HI HUCB MRI 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Moreno Pimentel-Coelho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rosalia Mendez-Otero
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, UFRJRio de JaneiroBrazil

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