Biological Control, Functional Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Insect Pest Management

  • Chitra Shanker
  • Gururaj Katti
  • Ayyagari Phani Padmakumari
  • Chintalapati Padmavathi
  • Muthusamy Sampathkumar
Chapter

Abstract

Biological control has come a long way and has been adapting to the changing needs of agricultural pest suppression. Changes in crop management practices, transgenic crops and new pesticide molecules have a profound effect on the natural pest suppression. Biocontrol like any other control technique is not without associated risks and cannot be considered as a panacea for maintaining environmental health. In order to sustain biological control there is a need to study the ecology of crop systems as a whole and design strategies based on the positive and negative interactions. Benefits of biodiversity are contextual and are diluted by trophic interactions which may be positive, negative or neutral. Habitat management strategies are used for enhancing the positive effects of biodiversity on pest suppression and are the basis of conservation biological control. Here we attempt to give an overview of the status of classical and introductory biological control programmes worldwide, risks that need to be addressed and the various principles of the emerging field of conservation biological control which aims at harnessing the in situ biodiversity of crop ecosystems.

Keywords

Ecosystem Service Biological Control Natural Enemy Intraguild Predation Alternate Prey 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chitra Shanker
    • 1
  • Gururaj Katti
    • 1
  • Ayyagari Phani Padmakumari
    • 1
  • Chintalapati Padmavathi
    • 1
  • Muthusamy Sampathkumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Directorate of Rice ResearchHyderabadIndia

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