History and Culture of Tanning in the United States

  • Yvonne Hunt
  • Erik Augustson
  • Lila Rutten
  • Richard Moser
  • Amy Yaroch
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter traces changes in the perception of tanning and tanning behavior primarily within the United States (U.S.) from the later part of the nineteenth century to the early part of the twenty-first century. Originally seen as a hallmark of the working class/disadvantaged groups and associated with disease and ill health, societal perceptions of the tan evolved over time to reflect the opposite: wealth, health and beauty. These core beliefs regarding the value of tanning and ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure have proven extremely difficult to modify despite substantial efforts by the public health community to do so. In an attempt to understand why millions of Americans continue to engage in high-risk, intentional UV exposure such as use of indoor tanning facilities, the beliefs and behaviors related to tanning are considered within the context of the historical medical and societal factors, especially the role of fashion and advertising, which helped to shape current opinion.

Keywords

Advertising History of tanning Indoor tanning Melanoma Skin cancer Sun bed Sun exposure Sun protection Sun safety Sunbathing Sunburn Sunlamp Sunscreen Tanning Tanning bed Ultraviolet radiation 

Abbreviations

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

SPF

Sun Protection Factor

U.S.

United States

UV

Ultraviolet radiation

UVA

Ultraviolet A radiation

UVB

Ultraviolet B radiation

UVC

Ultraviolet C radiation

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yvonne Hunt
    • 1
  • Erik Augustson
    • 1
  • Lila Rutten
    • 2
  • Richard Moser
    • 1
  • Amy Yaroch
    • 3
  1. 1.Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population SciencesNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Clinical Monitoring Research Program, SAIC-Frederick Inc.National Cancer Institute at FrederickFrederickUSA
  3. 3.Gretchen Swanson Center for NutritionOmahaUSA

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